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Inicio Neurology perspectives The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on student education: a review of a paper
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Vol. 1. Issue 3.
Pages 195-196 (July - September 2021)
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Vol. 1. Issue 3.
Pages 195-196 (July - September 2021)
Scientific letter
Open Access
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on student education: a review of a paper
Repercusión de la pandemia por COVID-19 en la formación de los estudiantes: a propósito de un artículo
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E. Chumpitaz-Carrillo
Corresponding author
a2016100612@uwiener.edu.pe

Corresponding author.
, J. Sevillano-Jimenez
Escuela de Medicina Humana, Universidad Norbert Wiener, Lima, Perú
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We recently read with great interest the article “Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the training of Spanish neurology residents” by Cerdán-Santacruz et al.,1 who report interesting results and conclusions. The study concluded that of 152 survey respondents, 1 in every 5 residents had presented COVID-19. This situation had a significant emotional impact, with high prevalence of anxiety, stress, depression, and particularly insomnia, due to increased exposure to the virus as a result of the lack of personal protective equipment and of adequate training on its use.

We may extrapolate this situation to the Peruvian context, where an alarmingly high rate of mental health problems has been observed in pre-graduate students at the School of Medicine at Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, even before the outbreak of the pandemic. Also, a considerable number of students have pre-existing mental health problems when they start university, in whose case the academic environment may be an exacerbating factor: as they progress through their studies, these conditions become more frequent, and statistically significant differences have been reported in rates of depression, anxiety, and alcohol-related problems.2 This situation has also been observed in other coastal, mountain, and rainforest areas of Peru.3

In the case of medical students, who present an inherent risk factor due to the highly demanding nature of medical training, the psychological impact of the pandemic has been even greater. A Mexican article reported high rates of depression and anxiety, which increased as students began their practical training.4 Therefore, studying medicine seems to be a risk factor for poor overall health. Furthermore, professional assistance is often needed, since the high level of competition encouraged in medical studies, as well as academic stress, sleep deprivation, and the feeling of being incapable or inadequate, may lead to physical, emotional, or cognitive exhaustion; anxiety; or even burnout syndrome, which is known to affect many students and presents a progressive course.5–7

We therefore recommend that every academic institution assess the impact of the pandemic on their students, as it may affect their performance in the future. We hope that many institutions will not only measure this impact, but also create mental health rehabilitation programmes for their students.

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

References
[1]
D.M. Cerdán-Santacruz, S. Arias-Rivas.
Eguia del Río P, Escamilla Sevilla F, Ezpeleta Echávarri D, García Azorin D, et al. Repercusión de la pandemia por COVID-19 en la formación de los residentes de neurología españoles.
Neurol Perspect., 1 (2021), pp. 124-130
[2]
A. Perales, M. Izaguirre, E. Sánchez, et al.
Mental health in undergraduate students from Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos School of Medicine.
An Fac Med., 80 (2019), pp. 443-450
[3]
V. Díaz-Quiquia, K.J. López, J. De Souza-Arruda, C.R. Díaz, C.R. Mejia.
Características y factores asociados a trastornos de la esfera mental en estudiantes de medicina de la costa, sierra y selva peruana.
Rev Chil Neuro-Psiquiat, 58 (2020), pp. 230-239
[4]
Gutiérrez I, Quesada J, Nouni R. Depresión, ansiedad y salud autopercibida en estudiantes de Medicina: estudio transversal. Rev Esp Educ Méd. 2(2):21–31.
[5]
K. Ruvalcaba, L. Gonzales, J. Jiménez.
Depresión y ansiedad en estudiantes de Medicina durante el confinamiento por la pandemia de Covid-19.
Inv Ed Med., 1 (2021), pp. 1-8
[6]
G. Espino.
Vista de Factores protectores de Salud Mental en estudiantes de Medicina: una revisión sistemática.
Perspect Metodol., 1 (2021), pp. 1-19
[7]
C.R. Mejia, M.J. Valladares-Garrido, L. Talledo-Ulfe, K. Sánchez-Arteaga, C. Rojas, J.J. Ruiz-Arimuya, et al.
Síndrome de Burnout y factores asociados en estudiantes de medicina. Estudio multicéntrico en siete facultades de medicina peruanas.
Rev Chil Neuro-Psiquiat., 54 (2016), pp. 207-214
Copyright © 2021. Sociedad Española de Neurología
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