Regístrese
Buscar en
Medicina Clínica (English Edition)
Toda la web
Inicio Medicina Clínica (English Edition) Side effects of drugs on the oral cavity
Journal Information
Vol. 144. Issue 3.
Pages 126-131 (February 2015)
Share
Share
Download PDF
More article options
ePub
Visits
347
Vol. 144. Issue 3.
Pages 126-131 (February 2015)
Review
DOI: 10.1016/j.medcle.2015.05.004
Side effects of drugs on the oral cavity
Reacciones adversas a medicamentos en la cavidad oral
Visits
347
Antonio Bascones-Martínez
Corresponding author
antbasco@odon.ucm.es

Corresponding author.
, Marta Muñoz-Corcuera, Cristina Bascones-Ilundain
Departamento de Medicina y Cirugía Bucofacial, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
This item has received
347
Visits
Article information
Abstract
Full Text
Bibliography
Download PDF
Statistics
Figures (5)
Show moreShow less
Tables (4)
Table 1. Groups of medications that can cause xerostomia.
Table 2. Drugs and the colours they can cause in dental staining.
Table 3. Drugs that can cause gingival enlargement.
Table 4. Drugs that can cause haemorrhagic diathesis.
Show moreShow less
Abstract

Although drugs are the most powerful therapeutic tools we have for improving the quality of life of the population, their use is not free of adverse effects. Today there are many polymedicated patients, and it is difficult to find the cause of their adverse effects that increase exponentially when more than 4 drugs are combined.

There are a large number of drugs that can result in numerous adverse effects in the oral cavity. The most common are xerostomia, altered taste, gingival enlargement and mucositis caused by cancer treatment. We also review other disorders of the salivary glands, oral mucosal changes, pigmentations, halitosis, osteonecrosis, opportunistic infections and bleeding diathesis.

Keywords:
Drugs
Adverse reaction
Oral cavity
Resumen

A pesar de que los fármacos son la herramienta terapéutica más potente de la que disponemos para mejorar la calidad de vida de la población, su uso no está exento de efectos adversos. Hoy en día son muchos los pacientes polimedicados, siendo complicado encontrar la causa de los efectos adversos generados por la medicación y aumentando estos de manera exponencial cuando se combinan más de 4 fármacos.

Existe un amplio número de fármacos que pueden dar lugar a numerosos efectos adversos en la cavidad bucal. Los más frecuentes son la xerostomía, las alteraciones del gusto, el agrandamiento gingival y las mucositis producidas por el tratamiento oncológico. También se revisan otras alteraciones de las glándulas salivales, las alteraciones de la mucosa oral, las pigmentaciones, la halitosis, la osteonecrosis, las infecciones oportunistas y las diátesis hemorrágicas.

Palabras clave:
Fármacos
Reacción adversa
Cavidad bucal

Article

These are the options to access the full texts of the publication Medicina Clínica (English Edition)
Subscriber
Subscriber

If you already have your login data, please click here .

If you have forgotten your password you can you can recover it by clicking here and selecting the option “I have forgotten my password”
Subscribe
Subscribe to

Medicina Clínica (English Edition)

Contact
Phone for subscriptions and reporting of errors
From Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. (GMT + 1) except for the months of July and August which will be from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m.
Calls from Spain
932 415 960
Calls from outside Spain
+34 932 415 960
E-mail
Article options
Tools
es en pt

¿Es usted profesional sanitario apto para prescribir o dispensar medicamentos?

Are you a health professional able to prescribe or dispense drugs?

Você é um profissional de saúde habilitado a prescrever ou dispensar medicamentos

es en pt
Política de cookies Cookies policy Política de cookies
Utilizamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios y mostrarle publicidad relacionada con sus preferencias mediante el análisis de sus hábitos de navegación. Si continua navegando, consideramos que acepta su uso. Puede cambiar la configuración u obtener más información aquí. To improve our services and products, we use "cookies" (own or third parties authorized) to show advertising related to client preferences through the analyses of navigation customer behavior. Continuing navigation will be considered as acceptance of this use. You can change the settings or obtain more information by clicking here. Utilizamos cookies próprios e de terceiros para melhorar nossos serviços e mostrar publicidade relacionada às suas preferências, analisando seus hábitos de navegação. Se continuar a navegar, consideramos que aceita o seu uso. Você pode alterar a configuração ou obter mais informações aqui.