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Vol. 150. Issue 12.
Pages 460-464 (June 2018)
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Vol. 150. Issue 12.
Pages 460-464 (June 2018)
Original article
DOI: 10.1016/j.medcle.2017.10.050
Effects of a resistance training program on balance and fatigue perception in patients with Parkinson's disease: A randomized controlled trial
Efectos de un programa de resistencia sobre el equilibrio y la fatiga percibida en pacientes con enfermedad de Parkinson: ensayo clínico aleatorizado
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Araceli Ortiz-Rubio, Irene Cabrera-Martos
Corresponding author
irenecm@ugr.es

Corresponding author.
, Irene Torres-Sánchez, Jesús Casilda-López, Laura López-López, Marie Carmen Valenza
Department of Physical Therapy, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
Article information
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Figures (1)
Tables (3)
Table 1. Characteristics of the patients included in the study (n=46).
Table 2. Pre-intervention values on perceived and physical variables in the patients included in the study (n=46).
Table 3. Changes from baseline to pre- to post-intervention mean differences and between-group comparisons.
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Abstract
Introduction and objective

Fatigue and balance impairment leads to a loss of independence and are important to adequately manage. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of a resistance training program on dynamic balance and fatigue in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD).

Patients and methods

Randomized controlled trial. Forty-six patients with PD were randomly allocated to an intervention group receiving a 8-week resistance training program focused on lower limbs or to a control group. Balance was assessed using the Mini-BESTest and fatigue was assessed by the Piper Fatigue Scale.

Results

Patients in the intervention group improved significantly (p<0.05) on dynamic balance (reactive postural control and total values) and perceived fatigue.

Conclusions

An 8-week resistance training program was found to be effective at improving dynamic balance and fatigue in patients with PD.

Keywords:
Parkinson's disease
Balance
Resistance training
Fatigue
Resumen
Antecedentes y objetivo

La inestabilidad postural y la fatiga son 2 síntomas que contribuyen a disminuir la independencia del paciente con la enfermedad de Parkinson (EP), y cuyo manejo terapéutico es importante. El objetivo de este estudio fue examinar los efectos de un programa de resistencia sobre el equilibrio y la fatiga en pacientes con EP.

Pacientes y métodos

Ensayo clínico controlado aleatorizado. Cuarenta y seis pacientes con EP se distribuyeron aleatoriamente en un grupo que recibió un programa de resistencia centrado en miembros inferiores durante 8 semanas o en un grupo control. El equilibrio se evaluó usando el Mini-BESTest y la fatiga con la Escala Revisada de Piper.

Resultados

Los pacientes incluidos en el grupo experimental mejoraron significativamente (p<0,05) el equilibrio (control postural reactivo y valores totales) y la fatiga percibida.

Conclusiones

Un programa de resistencia fue efectivo para la mejora del equilibrio y la fatiga en pacientes con EP.

Palabras clave:
Enfermedad de Parkinson
Equilibrio
Entrenamiento de resistencia
Fatiga

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