Buscar en
Medicina Clínica (English Edition)
Toda la web
Inicio Medicina Clínica (English Edition) Drug abuse during pregnancy and its neonatal impact. Analysis of the periods 200...
Journal Information
Vol. 157. Issue 4.
Pages 159-163 (August 2021)
Share
Share
Download PDF
More article options
ePub
Visits
0
Vol. 157. Issue 4.
Pages 159-163 (August 2021)
Original article
Drug abuse during pregnancy and its neonatal impact. Analysis of the periods 2002–2008 and 2009–2017
Abuso de drogas durante el embarazo y su impacto neonatal. Análisis de los períodos 2002-2008 y 2009-2017
Visits
...
Silvia Maya-Enero
Corresponding author
62175@parcdesalutmar.cat

Corresponding author.
, Carolina Guarddon Pueyo, Antonio Mur-Sierra, María Ángeles López-Vílchez
Sección de Neonatología, Servicio de Pediatría, Hospital del Mar, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Article information
Abstract
Full Text
Bibliography
Download PDF
Statistics
Tables (3)
Table 1. Characteristics of our study population.
Table 2. Characteristics of the study population. Results for the period 2009–2017.
Table 3. Summary of study results. Comparison between the periods 2002–2008 and 2009–2017.
Show moreShow less
Abstract
Objectives

To determine the prevalence of substance abuse among our pregnant women and the characteristics of their pregnancies, deliveries and new-born infants.

Methods

Retrospective observational study of infants born between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2017 in our centre to substance-abusing mothers and compared with our 2002–2008 study.

Results

Heroin use is decreasing, while cannabis and methamphetamine use are increasing. We observed a decrease in withdrawal associated with methadone and benzodiazepine use and an increase in breastfeeding in benzodiazepine and cannabis users. The infants of mothers who use heroin and cocaine are discharged to the mother’s home less often. We observed a predominance of substance abuse among Spanish women except for methamphetamines, where the majority of users are Filipino.

Conclusions

The increase in cannabis use and the decrease in heroin and cocaine use have improved gestational control. Methamphetamine use is associated with serious social risks.

Keywords:
Abuse drugs
Pregnancy
Neonatal impact
Social problems
Methamphetamine
Resumen
Objetivos

Determinar la prevalencia del abuso de drogas entre nuestras gestantes y las características de sus embarazos, partos y recién nacidos.

Métodos

Estudio observacional retrospectivo de los neonatos nacidos entre el 1 de enero de 2009 y el 31 de diciembre de 2017 en nuestro centro, hijos de madres consumidoras, y comparación con nuestro estudio de 2002–2008.

Resultados

El consumo de heroína está disminuyendo, mientras que el de cannabis y metanfetamina están aumentando. Observamos una disminución del síndrome de abstinencia asociado al consumo de metadona y benzodiacepinas y un aumento de las madres consumidoras de benzodiacepinas y cannabis que dan el pecho. Los hijos de madres que consumen heroína y cocaína son dados de alta al domicilio materno con menos frecuencia. Observamos un predominio del consumo entre las mujeres españolas excepto en las metanfetaminas, donde la mayoría son filipinas.

Conclusiones

El aumento del consumo de cannabis y la disminución del de heroína y cocaína mejoran el control gestacional. El consumo de metanfetamina está vinculado a graves riesgos sociales.

Palabras clave:
Abuso de sustancias
Embarazo
Impacto neonatal
Problemas sociales
Metanfetamina

Article

These are the options to access the full texts of the publication Medicina Clínica (English Edition)
Subscriber
Subscriber

If you already have your login data, please click here .

If you have forgotten your password you can you can recover it by clicking here and selecting the option “I have forgotten my password”
Subscribe
Subscribe to

Medicina Clínica (English Edition)

Purchase
Purchase article

Purchasing article the PDF version will be downloaded

Price 19.34 €

Purchase now
Contact
Phone for subscriptions and reporting of errors
From Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. (GMT + 1) except for the months of July and August which will be from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m.
Calls from Spain
932 415 960
Calls from outside Spain
+34 932 415 960
E-mail
Article options
Tools
es en pt

¿Es usted profesional sanitario apto para prescribir o dispensar medicamentos?

Are you a health professional able to prescribe or dispense drugs?

Você é um profissional de saúde habilitado a prescrever ou dispensar medicamentos