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Vol. 154. Issue 7.
Pages 260-268 (April 2020)
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Vol. 154. Issue 7.
Pages 260-268 (April 2020)
Review
DOI: 10.1016/j.medcle.2019.11.003
Clinical applications of pulmonary ultrasound
Aplicaciones clínicas de la ecografía pulmonar
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Aurelio Luis Wangüemert Pérez
Servicio de Neumología, Hospital San Juan de Dios, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain
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Abstract

Pulmonary ultrasound is becoming very important for the diagnosis and monitoring of respiratory diseases in different areas, such as emergency departments, outpatient clinics, inpatient areas, etc. The review topic entitled “Clinical applications of pulmonary ultrasound” attempts to encompass most of the applications and utilities of thoracic ultrasound in daily clinical practice. For this, the review focuses on how the ultrasound image would be visualized in each of the pleuro-pulmonary pathologies to which it has access and its use in interventional pulmonology. In addition, a schematic illustration with the most frequent pathologies and their ultrasound representation is presented, in order to better understand what we are seeing with this complementary test of great diagnostic value.

Keywords:
Lung ultrasound
Pneumothorax
Pleural effusion
Peripheral lung lesion
Ultrasound-guided
Resumen

La ecografía pulmonar está adquiriendo una gran importancia para el diagnóstico y seguimiento de enfermedades respiratorias en diferentes ámbitos, ya sea urgencias, consultas, hospitalización, etc. El tema de revisión titulado “Aplicaciones clínicas de la ecografía pulmonary” intenta englobar la mayoría de las aplicaciones y las utilidades que tiene la ecografía torácica en la práctica clínica diaria. Para ello, la revisión se centra en cómo se visualizaría la imagen ecográfica en cada una de las patologías pleuro-pulmonares a las que tiene acceso y su uso en la neumología intervencionista. Además se presenta una ilustración esquemática con las patologías más frecuentes y su representación ecográfica, con el objetivo de entender mejor lo que estamos viendo con esta prueba complementaria de gran valor diagnóstico.

Palabras clave:
Ecografía pulmonar
Neumotórax
Derrame pleural
Lesión pulmonar periférica
Ecografía guiada

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