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Inicio Global Economics and Management Review Can interaction be the primary focus of in-group biases?
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Vol. 20. Issue 1.
Pages 1-5 (January - June 2015)
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Vol. 20. Issue 1.
Pages 1-5 (January - June 2015)
DOI: 10.1016/j.gemrev.2015.02.001
Can interaction be the primary focus of in-group biases?
David B. Johnsona, Robert J. Oxobyb,c,
Corresponding author

Corresponding author.
a Department of Economics Marketing and Finance, University of Central Missouri, Warrensburg, Missouri, USA
b Department of Economics, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada
c Social Interactions, Identity and Well-Being, Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, Calgary, Canada
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Figures (2)
Tables (6)
Table 1. Summary of offers and acceptance.
Table 2. Summary of offers and acceptance of WTP subjects.
Table 3. Reported happiness by treatment and role.
Table 4. Reported happiness by role and partner.
Table 5. Regression results of proposer's offers.
Table 6. Regression results of proposers’ reported happiness.
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We present an experiment to determine whether in-group favoritism is driven by (i) a desire to be more generous to in-group members or (ii) a desire to eschew interacting with out-group members. We use a simple ultimatum game in which our treatment variable is the costly choice to interact with an in-group member. Our results suggest that rather than behaving more generously when interacting with in-group or out-group members, individuals may simply prefer interacting with an in-group member. Surprisingly, this discrimination does not result in larger ultimatum game offers, but in proposers reporting higher levels of subjective happiness with their payoffs.

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