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Inicio Gastroenterología y Hepatología (English Edition) Adult colocolonic intussusception due to adenomatous polyp: An exceptional cause...
Journal Information
Vol. 39. Issue 6.
Pages 425-427 (June - July 2016)
Vol. 39. Issue 6.
Pages 425-427 (June - July 2016)
Letter to the Editor
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Adult colocolonic intussusception due to adenomatous polyp: An exceptional cause of a rare entity
Invaginación colocolónica en adulto por pólipo adenomatoso: una causa excepcional de una entidad poco frecuente
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Carlos Alventosa Mateua,
Corresponding author
almacar84@hotmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Marta Bañuls Marradesa, Lucía Ruíz Sáncheza, Raquel Ramiro Gandíab, Gemma Pacheco del Rioa, Paola Vázquez Fernándeza, Marisol Siles Morenoa
a Servicio de Medicina Digestiva, Hospital Universitario de la Ribera, Alzira, Valencia, Spain
b Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico, Hospital Universitario de la Ribera, Alzira, Valencia, Spain
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To the Editor,

Colonic intussusception in adults is a rare process, normally caused by malignant lesions, which are treated surgically.1–4 However, there are some cases in which the origin of this disease is benign, such as stromal tumours, lipomas, appendiceal mucocele2,5–7 and polyps.2,8,9 We present the case of a patient with intussusception of the sigmoid colon caused by a large adenomatous polyp, diagnosed by computed tomography (CT) and treated by endoscopic polypectomy.

The patient was a 55-year-old man, a heavy smoker, with no family history of interest and no previous surgical interventions. He had been diagnosed 1 year previously with lung cancer, stage T4N2M0; no pathological lesions in the colon or abdominal lymphadenopathies were observed on the tumour staging CT scan. He had a complete response to radio- and chemotherapy. A follow-up CT scan upon completion of treatment revealed an image at the level of the splenic flexure consistent with colocolonic intussusception, apparently caused by a 32mm×32mm solid endoluminal lesion, located at the head of intussusception (Figs. 1–3). No retrograde dilation of the colon or signs of bowel loop involvement were observed, and the patient was asymptomatic.

Figure 1.

Computed tomography showing the location of the polypoid lesion (→) located at the head of intussusception, causing it.

(0.1MB).
Figure 2.

Computed tomography. The polypoid lesion can be seen contiguous with the intussusception (→) and the invaginated loop (*).

(0.1MB).
Figure 3.

Computed tomography (coronal slice). The polyp causing the intussusception can be seen (→).

(0.07MB).

Colonoscopy showed the lesion observed on the CT at the level of the splenic flexure, which corresponded to a polyp with a morular appearance measuring 35mm in diameter, with a villous surface and a short, narrow pedicle, occluding the colonic lumen almost completely but allowing a conventional colonoscope to pass, albeit with some difficulty. After infiltrating the base of the pedicle with 5mL of diluted adrenalin (1/10000), the polyp was resected in a single fragment with a diathermal loop, with no immediate or late complications. The colonoscopy was completed to the caecum; no other lesions such as diverticuli or stenosis were observed. Histological analysis of the polyp classified it as villous adenoma with low-grade dysplasia.

Intestinal intussusception is defined as the introduction of a segment of loop inside the lumen of the contiguous intestinal segment, and is an entity characteristic of childhood, presenting in adulthood in only 5% of cases. In the adult population, this disease is the cause of between 1% and 5% of intestinal obstructions; its main location (90% of cases) is the small intestine, although it can include part of the colon (ileocolic forms). In adults—unlike paediatric patients—the intussusception is usually caused by an organic lesion (chronic inflammatory bowel disease, benign or malignant intraluminal lesions, metastases, foreign bodies, Meckel diverticulum, etc.) or by postoperative adhesions, although 8–20% are idiopathic.1–4,8

In contrast, colocolonic intussusceptions are much less common and have a predominantly malignant origin.2,3 There are exceptions where the causal lesion is benign, usually a lipoma. Although cases have been described with other lesions such as stromal tumours2,4–7 or adenomatous colonic polyps, very few have been published.2,8,9

Unlike children, in whom abdominal pain or a palpable abdominal mass predominates, symptoms in adults are usually non-specific, periodical, or even asymptomatic, as in our patient.1,2,4 This entity should be borne in mind in order to reach a prompt diagnosis.

The most useful diagnostic test is CT, especially in patients with few or non-specific symptoms.2–4,9,10 Other imaging tests such as plain radiographs, opaque enema or magnetic resonance may have a role. Some cases are only diagnosed during surgery.2–4,8

Treatment of intussusception is normally surgical, either because it is found in the small intestine or due to the predominance of malignant lesions in the colon.2–4,9 However, in the few cases in which colonic intussusception is due to a polypoid lesion, it can be treated by endoscopic resection, as in our patient.

Conflict of interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.

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Please cite this article as: Alventosa Mateu C, Bañuls Marrades M, Ruíz Sánchez L, Ramiro Gandía R, Pacheco del Rio G, Vázquez Fernández P, et al. Invaginación colocolónica en adulto por pólipo adenomatoso: una causa excepcional de una entidad poco frecuente. Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2016;39:425–427.

Copyright © 2016. Elsevier España, S.L.U. and AEEH y AEG
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