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Inicio Enfermería Clínica (English Edition) Update on fluid therapy in the critical patient resuscitation process
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Vol. 29. Issue 3.
Pages 195-198 (May - June 2019)
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Vol. 29. Issue 3.
Pages 195-198 (May - June 2019)
Nursing care
Update on fluid therapy in the critical patient resuscitation process
Actualización sobre la fluidoterapia en el proceso de reanimación del paciente crítico
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María Ortiz Lasa
Corresponding author
maralasa111@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Alejandro Gonzalez-Castro, Yhivian Peñasco Martín, Sheyla Díaz Sánchez
Servicio de Medicina Intensiva, Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla, Santander, Spain
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Table 1. Comparative table of the different crystalloid and plasma solutions.
Table 2. Comparative table of different colloid solutions and plasma.
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Abstract

The administration of fluids for the resuscitation of the seriously ill patient in intensive care units is one of the most frequent interventions. Up to 40% of the time it is the nursing team that makes the decision to administer a fluid bolus to a critically ill patient according to established protocols. Therefore we perform a review in this paper of the current status of fluid therapy and its use in this type of patient. In order to optimise the knowledge and the treatment administered to this type of patient, we also describe the different types of fluids currently used and possible adverse effects that may develop after their administration.

Keywords:
Fluid therapy
Critical care
Nursing
Resumen

La administración de fluidos para la reanimación del paciente grave en las unidades de cuidados intensivos es una de las intervenciones más frecuentes y hasta en un 40% de las ocasiones es el equipo de enfermería el que toma la decisión de administrar un bolo de fluido a un paciente crítico según protocolos establecidos, por lo que en el presente trabajo se realiza una revisión del estado actual de la fluidoterapia y su empleo en este tipo de pacientes. Asimismo, para optimizar los conocimientos y el tratamiento administrado a este tipo de pacientes, se describen los distintos tipos de fluidos existentes y los posibles efectos adversos que se puedan desarrollar derivados de su administración.

Palabras clave:
Fluidoterapia
Cuidados intensivos
Enfermería

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