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Inicio Enfermería Clínica (English Edition) Self-competence in death work. Spanish version of the Self-Competence in Death W...
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Vol. 29. Issue 1.
Pages 3-9 (January - February 2019)
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Vol. 29. Issue 1.
Pages 3-9 (January - February 2019)
Original article
Self-competence in death work. Spanish version of the Self-Competence in Death Work Scale
Autocompetencia para el trabajo en final de vida. Versión española de la Self-Competence in Death Work Scale
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Olga Vallès-Fructuosoa,b, Antoni Ruz-Peñac, Camilo Sepúlveda-Bravod, Cristina Alfonso-Ariasc,d, Laura Masnou-Brichsc,e, Joaquín Tomás-Sábadof,
Corresponding author
a Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
b Universidad de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
c Hospital General de Catalunya, Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain
d Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain
e Hospital Comarcal de Blanes, Blanes, Barcelona, Spain
f Escoles Universitàries Gimbernat, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain
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Tables (2)
Table 1. Rotated factorial structure of the SC-DWS scale.
Table 2. Pearson's correlation coefficients between the SC-DWS and the Death Anxiety (DAI-R), General Anxiety (HAD-A), Depression (HAD-D), Life Significance (PLSS) and Perceived Self-efficacy (GSE) scales.
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Abstract
Objective

The aim of this study was to translate into Spanish the Self Competence in Death Work Scale (SC-DWS) and to explore its psychometric properties of validity and reliability.

Method

Participants were 106 nursing professionals, who worked in units related to care at the end of life. Participants answered a questionnaire containing the Spanish forms of the Self-Competence in Death Work Scale (SC-DWS), Perceived Life Significance Scale (PLSS), Death Anxiety Inventory-Revised (DAI-R), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and General Self Efficacy Scale (GSE).

Results

A Cronbach's alpha coefficient of .71 was obtained. The factorial analysis yielded five significant factors that accounted for 59.9% of the variance. The scores of the SC-DWS presented a positive and significant coefficient of correlation with Self-efficacy (GSE) and Meaning of life (PLSS) and negative with General anxiety and Depression (HADS) and Death anxiety (DAI-R).

Discussion

The Spanish form of the SC-DWS has acceptable psychometric properties. This instrument could be used for evaluating competences of the professionals that work in environments related to the end of life. Likewise, it could be used to assess the efficiency of interventions directed to the acquisition of skills and coping strategies for suffering and death.

Keywords:
Attitude to death
Nursing
Psychometric
Reliability
Validity
Competence
Resumen
Objetivo

El objetivo de este trabajo fue traducir al español la Self Competence in Death Work Scale (SC-DWS) y determinar sus propiedades psicométricas de validez y fiabilidad.

Método

Participaron 106 profesionales de enfermería de unidades hospitalarias relacionadas con cuidados al final de la vida. Los participantes respondieron un cuestionario que contenía las formas españolas de los siguientes instrumentos: Escala de Autocompetencia para el Trabajo en Entornos al Final de Vida (SC-DWS), Escala de Significado de Vida (PLSS), Inventario Revisado de Ansiedad ante la Muerte (DAI-R), Escala de Ansiedad y Depresión (HADS) y Escala de Autoeficacia General (GSE).

Resultados

Se obtuvo un alfa de Cronbach de 0,71 para la SC-DWS. El análisis factorial identificó una estructura configurada por cinco factores significativos que explicaban el 59,9% de la varianza. Las puntuaciones de la escala SC-DWS presentaban un coeficiente de correlación positivo y significativo con Autoeficacia (GSE) y Significado de la vida (PLSS) y negativo con Ansiedad general, Depresión (HADS) y Ansiedad ante la muerte (DAI-R).

Discusión

La versión española de la SC-DWS presenta aceptables propiedades psicométricas. Este instrumento, que permite evaluar la competencia de los profesionales de los cuidados en entornos relacionados con el final de la vida, podría también utilizarse para valorar la eficacia de intervenciones dirigidas a la adquisición de habilidades y estrategias de afrontamiento ante el sufrimiento y la muerte.

Palabras clave:
Actitud ante la muerte
Enfermería
Psicometría
Fiabilidad
Validez
Competencia

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