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Inicio Enfermería Clínica (English Edition) Professional quality of life in pediatric services: A cross-sectional study
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Vol. 32. Issue 5.
Pages 358-362 (September - October 2022)
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Vol. 32. Issue 5.
Pages 358-362 (September - October 2022)
Brief Original Articles
Professional quality of life in pediatric services: A cross-sectional study
Calidad de vida profesional en servicios de pediatría: estudio transversal
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Bibiana Pérez-Ardanaza, Ana María Corripio Mancerab, Yolanda Ramón Telob, Antonia Gámez Ruizb, Aurora Madrid Rodríguezb, María José Peláez Canterob,
Corresponding author
pelaez_mariajose@hotmail.com

Corresponding author.
a Enfermera, Doctora en Ciencias de la Salud, Profesora e Investigadora, Departamento de Enfermería, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, Spain
b Unidad de Crónicos Complejos y Cuidados Paliativos, UGC de Pediatría, Hospital Regional Universitario de Málaga Materno-Infantil, Málaga, Spain
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Abstract
Objective

Determine the quality of working life among the different pediatric nursing professionals, taking into account socio-demographic and work context factors, and the relationship of Burnout, compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue between different job positions.

Method

Cross-sectional descriptive observational study carried out between January–March 2019 at the national territory. The professional quality of life was measured with ProQOL IV and sociodemographic characteristics were recorded. The data was encoded in Microsoft Office Excel, and analyzed with SPPS considering statistically significant differences p < 0.05.

Results

A total of 68 nurses were included in the study. The results obtained show less satisfaction due to compassion in those professionals who have a permanent employment contract, as well as those who carry out their work in hospitalization positions compared to those in the oncology area. In our sample there are very high levels of compassion fatigue, in addition we observed a significant relationship between compassion fatigue and religious belief, being higher in believing professionals.

Conclusions

It’s necessary to identify associated factors in the professional quality of life to propose intervention strategies and improvement conditions, requiring greater involvement of health institutions to improve the professional quality of life in pediatric nursing.

Keywords:
Paediatric nursing
Professional burnout
Job satisfaction
Oncology
Palliative care
Resumen
Objetivo

Determinar la calidad de vida laboral entre los diferentes profesionales de enfermería pediátrica,teniendo en cuenta factores sociodemográficos y de contexto laboral, y la relación del Burnout, satisfacción por compasión y fatiga por compasión entre los diferentes puestos de trabajo.

Método

Estudio observacional descriptivo transversal desarrollado entre enero-marzo de 2019 en el ámbito nacional. Se recopilaron características sociodemográficas y el Cuestionario ProQOL IV. Los datos se codificaron en Microsoft Office Excel, y analizaron con SPSS considerándose diferencias estadísticamente significativas para valores p < 0,05.

Resultados

Participaron 68 enfermeras. Los resultados obtenidos muestran una menor satisfacción por compasión en aquellos profesionales que tienen un contrato de trabajo fijo, así como los que desempeñan su labor en puestos de hospitalización respecto a los del área oncología. En nuestra muestra existe una elevada fatiga por compasión, observando una relación significativa entre la fatiga por compasión y la creencia religiosa, siendo superior en los profesionales creyentes.

Conclusiones

Es necesario identificar factores asociados en la calidad de vida profesional para plantear estrategias de intervención, y condiciones de mejora siendo preciso una mayor implicación de las instituciones sanitarias para la mejora de la calidad de vida profesional en la enfermería pediátrica.

Palabras claves:
Enfermería pediátrica
Agotamiento profesional
Satisfacción laboral
Oncología
Cuidados paliativos

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