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Inicio Enfermería Clínica (English Edition) Posstraumatic stress disorder in nursing staff during the COVID-19 pandemic
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Vol. 32. Issue 2.
Pages 92-102 (March - April 2022)
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Vol. 32. Issue 2.
Pages 92-102 (March - April 2022)
Original Article
Posstraumatic stress disorder in nursing staff during the COVID-19 pandemic
Trastorno de estrés postraumático en personal de enfermería durante la pandemia de COVID-19
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Mónica Blanco-Daza
Corresponding author
mblancod@salud.madrid.org

Corresponding author.
, María de la Vieja-Soriano, Susana Macip-Belmonte, María del Carmen Tercero-Cano
Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricos, Hospital Universitario Doce de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
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Tables (5)
Table 1. Homogeneity index of the Risk Perception Scale.
Table 2. Socio-demographic and mental health characteristics of the sample and according to distribution of post-traumatic stress disorder.
Table 3. Work and relationship characteristics with COVID-19, modified Risk Perception Scale score, Brief Resilience Scale score, in the sample and according to onset of post-traumatic stress disorder.
Table 4. Proportion of answers according to Risk Perception Scale items.
Table 5. Binary logistic regression: bivariate analysis of post-traumatic stress disorder and socio-demographic, occupational, COVID-related, mental health-related, risk perception and resilience variables.
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Abstract
Aim

To analyse the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in nursing staff and the variables that may contribute to its development.

Method

Cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire given to nurses, nursing assistants and nursing supervisors in June 2020. It included sociodemographic, mental health, occupational, COVID-19 related variables, Modified Risk Perception Scale (modified RPS) score, Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) and Davidson Trauma Scale (DTS) score for the assessment of PTSD. Descriptive, bivariate, and multivariate analyses were performed.

Results

Of the 344 participants, 88.7% were women and 93.6% cared for infected patients; 45.9% had PTSD (DTS≥40). The variables associated with PTSD were previous PTSD symptoms (OR=6.1, 95% CI [2.68-14.03]), death of a family member or friend due to COVID-19 (OR=2.3, 95% CI [1.22-4.39]), and higher scores on the modified RPS (OR= 1.1, 95% CI [1.07-1.31]). Higher BRS scores were associated with a lower risk of PTSD (OR=0.4, 95% CI [0.31-0.68]).

Conclusions

The prevalence of PTSD in nursing staff is high, mainly in professionals with previous PTSD symptoms, family members or friends deceased from COVID-19, high risk perception and/or low resilience.

Keywords:
Stress disorders post-traumatic
Mental Disorders
Nursing staff
COVID-19
Resilience psychological
Resumen
Objetivo

Analizar la prevalencia del trastorno de estrés postraumático (TEPT) en el personal de enfermería y las variables que pudieran contribuir en su desarrollo.

Método

Estudio transversal mediante un cuestionario autoadministrado a enfermeras, técnicos en cuidados de enfermería y supervisoras de enfermería en junio del 2020. Incluía variables sociodemográficas, de salud mental, laborales, relacionadas con la COVID-19, puntuación de Escala de Percepción de Riesgo modificada (PRS modificada), Escala Breve de Resiliencia (BRS) y Escala de Trauma de Davidson (DTS) para la evaluación del TEPT. Se realizó análisis descriptivo, bivariado y multivariante.

Resultados

De los 344 participantes, el 88,7% eran mujeres y el 93,6% atendieron a pacientes infectados. El 45,9% presentaba TEPT (DTS ≥40). Las variables asociadas con padecer TEPT fueron haber presentado síntomas del trastorno previamente (OR= 6,1, IC 95% [2,68-14,03]), el fallecimiento de algún familiar o amigo por la COVID-19 (OR= 2,3, IC 95% [1,22-4,39]) y presentar las puntuaciones más elevadas en la PRS modificada (OR= 1,1, IC 95% [1,07-1,31]). Las puntuaciones más altas en la BRS se asociaron con menor riesgo de padecer TEPT (OR = 0,4, IC 95% [0,31-0,68]).

Conclusiones

La prevalencia del TEPT en el personal de enfermería es elevada, principalmente en profesionales con síntomas de TEPT previos, familiares o amigos fallecidos por la COVID-19, una alta percepción de riesgo y/o una baja resiliencia.

Palabras clave:
Trastornos por estrés postraumático
Trastornos mentales
Personal de enfermería
COVID-19
Resiliencia psicológica

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