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Vol. 28. Issue 5.
Pages 283-291 (September - October 2018)
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Vol. 28. Issue 5.
Pages 283-291 (September - October 2018)
Original Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.enfcle.2018.06.004
Influence of resilience on health-related quality of life in adolescents
Influencia de la resiliencia sobre la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud en adolescentes
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María José Simón-Saiza,
Corresponding author
mjose.simon@uclm.es

Corresponding author.
, Rosa María Fuentes-Chacóna, Margarita Garrido-Abejara, María Dolores Serrano-Parrab, Elisa Larrañaga-Rubiob, Santiago Yubero-Jiménezb
a Departamento de Enfermería, Facultad de Enfermería de Cuenca, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Cuenca, Spain
b Departamento de Psicología, Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación y Humanidades de Cuenca, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Cuenca, Spain
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Figures (1)
Tables (3)
Table 1. General characteristics of the sample.
Table 2. ANOVA: average scores in the KIDSCREEN-52 quality of life dimensions in the resilience categories. Differences according to sex.
Table 3. Predictive capacity of resilience for the KIDSCREEN-52 quality of life dimensions.
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Abstract
Objective

To analyse the influence of resilience on the different dimensions of health-related quality of life in a group of adolescents in Cuenca.

Method

A descriptive, cross-sectional, multicentre and multistage study was carried out in five secondary schools during the 2015–2016 school year.

Instruments

A self-administered questionnaire, which included sociodemographic characteristics and the CD-RISC 10 scale to assess resilience together with the KIDSCREEN-52 questionnaire to measure health-related quality of life.

Results

Data were obtained from 844 students, of whom 54% were girls and the mean age was 16.36±1.05 years. Higher resilience scores were observed in boys. Health-related quality of life was lower in girls (except in the dimension of social acceptance) and in the oldest group. Resilience was significantly associated with all KIDSCREEN-52 dimensions and proved to be a relevant predictor, especially in the dimensions related with mental health and all those that measure social relationships.

Conclusion

Our study provides evidence on the synergy between health-related quality of life and resilience in adolescents. Resilience is associated with higher levels of quality of life in adolescents and as the scores are lower in girls, it could be one of the explanatory factors for their poorer health-related quality of life.

Keywords:
Resilience
Health-related quality of life
Adolescents
KIDSCREEN-52
Stress
Emotional moods
Resumen
Objetivo

Analizar la influencia de la resiliencia sobre las distintas dimensiones de la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud en un grupo de adolescentes escolarizados en la ciudad de Cuenca.

Método

Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal, multicéntrico y polietápico en 5 institutos de Educación Secundaria durante el curso académico 2015–1016.

Instrumentos

Cuestionario autoadministrado que incluía variables sociodemográficas y las escalas CD-RISC 10 para evaluar resiliencia y KIDSCREEN-52 para medir la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud.

Resultados

Se recogieron datos de 844 estudiantes, de los cuales el 54% fueron chicas y la edad media de la muestra fue de 16,36±1,05 años. Se observaron valores superiores de resiliencia en los chicos. Con respecto a la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud, fue menor en las chicas (salvo en la dimensión de aceptación social) y en el grupo de mayor edad. La resiliencia se asoció significativamente con todas las dimensiones del KIDSCREEN-52 y resultó ser un predictor relevante, especialmente en las dimensiones relacionadas con la salud mental y en todas las que miden relaciones sociales.

Conclusión

Nuestro estudio aporta evidencias sobre la sinergia calidad de vida relacionada con la salud-resiliencia en adolescentes. La resiliencia se asocia con niveles más elevados de calidad de vida en adolescentes y, al ser menor en chicas, puede ser uno de los factores explicativos de su peor calidad de vida relacionada con la salud.

Palabras clave:
Resiliencia
Calidad de vida relacionada con la salud
Adolescentes
KIDSCREEN-52
Estrés
Estado de ánimo

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