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Vol. 32. Issue S1.
Maternal and Child Nursing
Pages S31-S37 (June 2022)
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Vol. 32. Issue S1.
Maternal and Child Nursing
Pages S31-S37 (June 2022)
Original article
Exploring Indonesian mothers’ perspectives on anemia during pregnancy: A qualitative approach
Explorando las perspectivas de las madres indonesias sobre la anemia durante el embarazo: un enfoque cualitativo
Darmawati Darmawatia,
Corresponding author

Corresponding author.
, Tongku Nizwan-Siregarb, Kamil Hajjulc, Tahlil Teukud
a Graduate School of Mathematics and Applied Science, Department of Maternity Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Aceh, Indonesia
b Faculty of Veterinary, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Aceh, Indonesia
c Department of Management Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Aceh, Indonesia
d Department of Community Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Aceh, Indonesia
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Vol. 32. Issue S1

Maternal and Child Nursing

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The study aims to investigate the perceptions of anemia among pregnant women to design culturally relevant interventions in Indonesia.


Qualitative study with dates from 24 pregnant women in a province in Indonesia through focus group discussions. Data were analyzed using the inductive content analysis method.


Five themes emerged from the experiences of pregnant women with anemia: (1) anemia during pregnancy is perceived as a woman's destiny; (2) lack of knowledge related to clinical indicators of anemia; (3) the traditional taboo related to anemia; (4) the husband and family provide support related to anemia prevention; and (5) there is a need for cultural and religious-based health counseling.


Interventions to provide health information about anemia in pregnancy should be designed with consideration of local knowledge, beliefs and values, combined with medical elements. It is likely these interventions can change the perceptions of pregnant women's perceptions about anemia, ensuring that they are able to maintain their pregnancy. The implementation of programs to support these women should involves health workers who can understand their needs and who are adequately trained in cultural competence.

Pregnant women
Qualitative research

Investigar las percepciones sobre la anemia entre las mujeres embarazadas para diseñar intervenciones culturalmente relevantes en Indonesia.


Estudio cualitativo con datos de 24 mujeres embarazadas en una provincia de Indonesia, a través de discusiones entre grupos focales. Los datos se analizaron utilizando el método de análisis de contenido inductivo.


Cinco temas emergentes surgieron de las experiencias de mujeres embarazadas con anemia: (1) La anemia durante el embarazo percibida como un destino de la mujer; (2) la falta de conocimiento relacionado con los indicadores clínicos de anemia; (3) el tabú tradicional relacionado con la anemia; (4) el esposo y la familia brindan apoyo relacionado con la prevención de la anemia; y (5) existe la necesidad de asesoramiento de la salud con base en la cultura y la religión.


Las intervenciones para proporcionar información de salud sobre la anemia durante el embarazo deben diseñarse considerando el conocimiento, las creencias y los valores locales, en combinación con elementos médicos. Es probable que estas intervenciones puedan cambiar las percepciones de las mujeres embarazadas sobre la anemia, garantizando que puedan mantener su embarazo. La implementación de programas de apoyo a estas mujeres debe contar con trabajadores de la salud que puedan comprender sus necesidades y que estén adecuadamente capacitados respecto a competencia cultural.

Palabras clave:
Mujeres embarazadas
Investigación cualitativa


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