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Vol. 31. Issue 3.
Pages 166-174 (May - June 2021)
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Vol. 31. Issue 3.
Pages 166-174 (May - June 2021)
Original Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.enfcle.2020.11.002
Experiences of women with preeclampsia in an Obstetric Intensive Care Unit in Colombia
Vivencias de mujeres con preeclampsia en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Obstétricos en Colombia
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Alicia Escobar-Bermúdeza,b,
Corresponding author
alescobarbe@unal.edu.co

Corresponding author.
, Martha Patricia Bejarano-Beltránb
a Clínica Medilaser, Bogotá, Colombia
b Facultad de Enfermería, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia
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Table 1. Sociodemographic characterisation of the participants.
Table 2. Summary of common themes and meanings based on the experience of care in the ICU G-O.
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Abstract
Objective

To describe the meaning that pregnant women with preeclampsia attach to nursing care in an obstetric intensive care unit of a hospital in Neiva (Colombia).

Method

Qualitative-phenomenological study, guided by the theoretical guidelines of Diekelmann, Allen and Tanner. The data was collected during the second semester of 2017 and the first semester of 2018, through in-depth interviews with eleven participants, which were subsequently analysed until reaching theoretical saturation.

Results

273 significant fragments, eight common meanings and four emerging themes: establishing links that satisfy, an invisible woman, approaching a transpersonal relationship of care, and the pursuit of understanding emerged from this study.

Conclusion

Admission to the obstetric intensive care unit due to severe pre-eclampsia represents a change of role for women who, in addition to undergoing physical changes, also manifest a variety of emotions related to the circumstances of care and the actions of nurses.

Keywords:
Nursing care
Intensive care units
Qualitative research
Preeclampsia
Resumen
Objetivo

Describir el significado que otorgan las gestantes con preeclampsia a los cuidados enfermeros en una unidad de cuidados intensivos obstétricos de un hospital de Neiva (Colombia).

Método

Estudio cualitativo-fenomenológico, guiado por las aportaciones teóricas de Diekelmann, Allen y Tanner. Los datos se recogieron durante el segundo semestre del 2017 y el primero del 2018, mediante entrevistas en profundidad realizadas a 11 participantes, las cuales se analizaron posteriormente hasta alcanzar la saturación teórica.

Resultados

Se obtuvieron 273 fragmentos significativos, ocho significados comunes y cuatro temas emergentes: estableciendo vínculos que satisfacen, una mujer invisible, acercándose a una relación transpersonal de cuidado y en búsqueda de la comprensión.

Conclusión

El ingreso a la unidad de cuidados intensivos obstétricos, por la gravedad de la preeclampsia, representa un cambio de rol para la mujer quien, además de sufrir transformaciones físicas, también manifiesta una variedad de emociones relacionadas con las circunstancias del cuidado y del actuar de las enfermeras.

Palabras clave:
Atención de enfermería
Unidades de cuidados intensivos
Investigación cualitativa
Preeclampsia

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