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Vol. 27. Issue 5.
Pages 271-277 (September - October 2017)
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Vol. 27. Issue 5.
Pages 271-277 (September - October 2017)
Original Article
Effectiveness of a physical activity programme based on the Pilates method in pregnancy and labour
Efectividad de un programa de actividad física mediante el método Pilates en el embarazo y en el proceso del parto
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Luciano Rodríguez-Díaza,
Corresponding author
Lucianin000@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Carlos Ruiz-Frutosb, Juana María Vázquez-Laraa, Jesús Ramírez-Rodrigoc, Carmen Villaverde-Gutiérrezc, Gema Torres-Luqued
a Hospital Universitario de Ceuta, Ceuta, Spain
b Departamento de Sociología, Trabajo Social y Salud Pública, Universidad de Huelva, Huelva, Spain
c Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de de Ceuta, Ceuta, Spain
d Facultad Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain
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Tables (4)
Table 1. Sample characteristics. Development in the Hospital Quirón Campo de Gibraltar in Cádiz, (Spain) from April to June 2016.
Table 2. Results of physical and functional parameters before and after the physical exercise programme through Pilates (8 weeks). Developed in the Hospital Quirón Campo de Gibraltar in Cadiz (Spain) from April to June 2016.
Table 3. Summary of the changes which occurred pre-intervention and post-intervention of the programme. Developed in the Hospital Quirón Campo de Gibraltar de Cádiz (Spain) from April to June 2016.
Table 4. Obstetric parameters of finalisation of the birthing process. Developed in the Hospital Quirón Campo de Gibraltar in Cadiz (Spain) from April to June 2016.
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Abstract
Objective

To assess the effectiveness and safety of a physical activity programme based on use of the Pilates method, over eight weeks in pregnant women, on functional parameters, such as weight, blood pressure, strength, flexibility and spinal curvature, and on labour parameters, such as, type of delivery, episiotomy, analgesia and newborn weight.

Method

A randomised clinical trial was carried out on pregnant women, applying a programme of physical activity using the Pilates method, designed specifically for this population. A sample consisting of a total of 105 pregnant women was divided into two groups: intervention group (n=50) (32.87±4.46 years old) and control group (n=55) (31.52±4.95 years old). The intervention group followed a physical activity programme based on the Pilates method, for 2 weekly sessions, whereas the control group did not follow the programme.

Results

Significant improvements (p<0.05) in blood pressure, hand grip strength, hamstring flexibility and spinal curvature, in addition to improvements during labour, decreasing the number of Caesareans and obstructed labour, episiotomies, analgesia and the weight of the newborns were found at the end of the intervention.

Conclusion

A physical activity programme of 8 weeks based on the Pilates method improves functional parameters in pregnant women and benefits delivery.

Keywords:
Physical activity
Pregnancy
Training
Safety
Resumen
Objetivo

Valorar la eficacia y seguridad de un programa de actividad física por medio del método Pilates de ocho semanas de duración en mujeres gestantes sobre parámetros funcionales, como el peso, la tensión arterial, fuerza, flexibilidad, curvatura de la columna y parámetros en el parto, como tipo de parto, episiotomía, analgesia y peso del recién nacido.

Método

Se realizó un ensayo clínico aleatorizado sobre gestantes, consistente en la aplicación de un programa de actividad física mediante el método Pilates, diseñado específicamente para esta población. Se agrupó una muestra compuesta por un total de 105 mujeres gestantes, las cuales estaban divididas en grupo intervención (n=50) (32,87±4,46 años) y grupo control (n=55) (31,52±4,95 años). El grupo intervención asistió a un programa de actividad física por medio del método Pilates, durante 2 sesiones semanales, mientras que el grupo control no realizó el programa.

Resultados

Tras finalizar la intervención se observaron mejoras significativas (p<0,05) en la tensión arterial, fuerza de prensión manual, flexibilidad isquiosural y curvatura de la columna y además mejoras en el proceso del parto, disminuyendo el número de cesáreas y de partos distócicos, de episiotomías, de analgesia y del peso del recién nacido.

Conclusión

Un programa de actividad física 8 semanas por medio del método Pilates mejora parámetros funcionales en las gestantes y podría beneficiar la finalización del parto.

Palabras clave:
Actividad física
Embarazo
Entrenamiento
Seguridad

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