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Inicio Cirugía Española (English Edition) The Importance of the Discharge Summary Reports
Journal Information
Vol. 92. Issue 8.
Pages 574-575 (October 2014)
Vol. 92. Issue 8.
Pages 574-575 (October 2014)
Letter to the Editor
DOI: 10.1016/j.cireng.2014.03.004
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The Importance of the Discharge Summary Reports
Sobre la importancia del informe de alta hospitalaria
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José Luis Aguayo-Albasini, María Luisa García García
Corresponding author
, Benito Flores-Pastor, Ramón Lirón-Ruiz
Servicio de Cirugía General, Hospital General Universitario Morales Meseguer, Campus de Excelencia Internacional «Mare Nostrum», Universidad de Murcia, Murcia, Spain
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Dear Editor:

An interesting article by Gómez-Rosado et al.1 that was recently published in this journal analyses the importance of correctly writing and completing hospital discharge summaries for the management of surgical services. As the authors indicate, patients have a right to these hospital reports, and it is the responsibility of physicians to provide them.

Although there are regulations about the minimum requirements that should be included in discharge summaries and make up the so-called Minimum Basic Data Set (MBDS), a wide variability has been reported in their makeup.2 There is probably not enough awareness about the transcendence and value of a good discharge summary, both in its content as well as its presentation. We like to tell our residents that a surgical patient only takes two things home from the hospital: a wound and a discharge report. The wound is shown to family members, while the summary is shown to the primary care physician and other specialists. This means that, on many occasions, all that is left from a surgical process, ranging from the simplest to the most complex, is a scar and a hospital document. Both aspects transmit an image of the surgeon as well as his/her surgical department, so they should both be treated with care and not be done sloppily or hurriedly.

Moreover, the clinical coding systems used in hospitals in order to assign the diagnosis-related group DRG of patients and ultimately determine hospital services are mainly based on data that appear in summaries. Thus, what does not appear in the hospital report will not be translated into the final DRG, which will be either erroneous or uncoded. What would happen if a hospital were funded according to their DRG?

Information quality was a concern of Gómez-Rosado when they studied (out of 713 admittances) 24 outlier cases, for which 4 reports were unclear, 9 insufficient and 5 clearly not valid. This occasionally resulted in a change in DRG. It would have been interesting to know the result from the analysis of the 689 remaining reports, which is a result that, as the authors indicated, should offer better numbers as they are not extreme cases, although this remains to be seen.

Periodical audits or samplings should be used to determine the correlation between the DRG code assigned based on discharge summaries and the complete patient medical file, which is the gold standard. In this regard, we have done research on the degree of comorbidities and postoperative complications that appeared in summaries and in complete medical files.3 The definition of the comorbidity left room for improvement in 5% of the reports, while the complications were under par in 12%. In such a situation, if we were to compare a hospital with a restaurant, an insufficiently coded summary would be like getting the bill for your meal that did not include either the drinks or dessert. In our current work setting of increased demand to justify the costs, budgeting and funding of public healthcare services, these aspects of medical care are acquiring more and more importance.

References
[1]
J.C. Gómez-Rosado, M. Sánchez-Ramírez, J. Valdes-Hernández, L.C. Capitán-Morales, M.I. del-Nozal-Nalda, F. Oliva-Mompeán.
Importancia de la calidad del informe de alta en la gestión de una unidad clínica quirúrgica.
[2]
A. Reyes Domínguez, A. González Borrego, M.F. Rojas García, G. Montero Chaves, I. Marín León, J.R. Lacalle Remigio, en representación del Grupo de Estudios de la Calidad Asistencial.
Los informes de alta hospitalaria médica pueden ser una fuente insuficiente de información para evaluar la calidad de la asistencia.
Rev Clin Esp, 201 (2001), pp. 685-689
[3]
B. Flores, B. Andrés, A. Campillo, V. Soria, M.F. Candel, J. Miquel, et al.
Análisis de la fiabilidad de los informes de alta en un servicio de cirugía general.
Rev Calid Asist, 19 (2004), pp. 443-445

Please cite this article as: Aguayo-Albasini JL, García García ML, Flores-Pastor B, Lirón-Ruiz R. Sobre la importancia del informe de alta hospitalaria. Cir Esp. 2014;92:574–575.

Copyright © 2013. AEC
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