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Vol. 4. Issue 2.
Pages 92-102 (July - December 2018)
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Vol. 4. Issue 2.
Pages 92-102 (July - December 2018)
Original article
DOI: 10.1016/j.bioet.2018.04.001
The neurobiological and environmental origin of ethics: Analysis of biological, social and religious determinism
El origen neurobiológico y ambiental de la ética: análisis del determinismo biológico, social y religioso
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Omar Hanun Rodríguez, Cecilia Ximénez Camilli
Corresponding author
ceciximenez@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
Research Department of Anahuac University Medical School of Queretaro, Mexico
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Abstract

There are different points of view regarding the origin of ethical decision-making. From a simplistic point of view, one can think that only the neurobiological characteristics of each person influence the functioning of morality. However, it is important to think about the sociocultural environment in which the person develops, including religion and psychological aspects not defined by the neurobiology that eventually determines the ethical decision-making pattern, and therefore each person's morality.

The origin of ethics and human morality takes place in various elements. Correct neurological functioning, cultural characteristics, spirituality, socio-economic environment, and life experiences are essential elements that determine the development of a moral judgment. All these elements provide the brain with characteristics that determine its functioning when making decisions to resolve dilemmas and further determine the pattern of moral positions. This article seeks to expose the different factors that constitute human morality, in order to analyze each one in detail for the further understanding of the origin and complexity of morals and ethics.

Keywords:
Ethics
Neuro-ethics
Determinism
Moral
Conscience
Neurobiology
Resumen

Existen diversos puntos de vista con respecto al origen de la toma de decisiones éticas. Desde un punto de vista simplista se puede pensar que en el funcionamiento de la moral solo influyen las características neurobiológicas de cada persona, sin embargo, es importante pensar que la persona está conformada por diferentes aspectos además de la neurobiología como el ambiente sociocultural donde se desenvuelve, religión y aspectos psicológicos no definidos aun por la neurobiología que determinan eventualmente el patrón de toma de decisiones éticas y por ende la moral de cada persona.

El origen de la ética y la moral humana que tiene lugar en diversos elementos. Es necesario tanto el funcionamiento neurológico como las características culturales de la persona como su espiritualidad y medio socioeconómico, las experiencias que ha vivido, etc. Todos estos elementos proveen al cerebro de características que determinan su funcionamiento al momento de tomar decisiones para resolver dilemas y determinan ulteriormente el patrón de posturas morales de cada persona. En este artículo se busca exponer los diferentes factores que constituyen la moral humana con el fin de analizar detalladamente cada uno y entender posteriormente el origen y la complejidad de la moral y la ética.

Palabras clave:
Ética
Neuroética
Determinismo
Moral
Conciencia
Neurobiología

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