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Vol. 4. Issue 1.
Pages 6-23 (January - June 2018)
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Vol. 4. Issue 1.
Pages 6-23 (January - June 2018)
Artículo original
DOI: 10.1016/j.bioet.2017.08.002
La libertad en la eugenesia liberal: reflexiones sobre el papel del Estado
Freedom in liberal eugenics: reflections on the role of the State
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Beatriz Eugenia Campillo Vélez
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Grupo de Investigación en Ética y Bioética (GIEB), Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Medellín, Colombia
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La investigación intitulada «La libertad en la eugenesia liberal: reflexiones sobre el papel del Estado» tiene su origen en el interés de poner en evidencia una contradicción que se ha vuelto «lugar común» de los discursos políticos, filosóficos y bioéticos, y es aquella tesis que sostiene que hablar de límites éticos a la ciencia y a la tecnología se considera un atentado contra la libertad, por lo cual una postura que pretenda ser eminentemente liberal debería partir de la aprobación absoluta de cualquier práctica, siendo el factor legitimador la mera voluntad de los individuos, y derivándose de este razonamiento aquella posición simplista que afirma que los Estados deben guardar silencio frente a cuestiones éticas y morales. Tal «lugar común», creemos desconoce la tradición liberal defensora de los derechos humanos, la cual otorga un papel preponderante al Estado como garante de los mismos, el cual no es de ninguna manera un papel secundario, ni mucho menos neutral.

Palabras clave:
Eugenesia liberal
Libertad
Estado
Persona
Genética
Ciencia
Abstract

The study entitled ‘Freedom in liberal eugenics: reflections on the role of the State’ has its origin in the interest of highlighting a contradiction that has become ‘common place’ in political, philosophical, and bioethical discourses; and this argument states the ethical limits of science and technology is considered an attempt against freedom. Therefore, this position, which intends to be eminently liberal, should start from the absolute approval of any practice being the crucial legitimising factor of individual wills. From this reasoning is deduced a simplistic position that claims that the State should remain silent in the face of ethical and moral issues. Such ‘common place’, we believe, does not recognise the liberal tradition that protects the human rights, providing a predominant role of the State as the guardian of these, and this is by no means neutral.

Keywords:
Liberal eugenics
Freedom
State
Person
Genetics
Science

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