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Vol. 3. Issue 1.
Pages 32-44 (January - June 2017)
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Vol. 3. Issue 1.
Pages 32-44 (January - June 2017)
Artículo original
DOI: 10.1016/j.bioet.2017.01.002
Hacia una bioética cultural
Towards a bioethics culture
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Fernando Lolas Stepke
Department of Psychiatry and Interdisciplinary Center for Studies on Bioethics, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile
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Destacando la preeminencia del punto de vista occidental en la configuración del discurso bioético conocido en América Latina, se presenta la tesis de una formulación cultural que permita entender y aceptar diferencias. Cultura se define como el conjunto de creencias, tradiciones y aspiraciones que definen una identidad de grupo y determinan el ideal modélico de comportamiento para sus miembros. Es una pragmática social que precisa ser estudiada, decodificada y entendida en términos tanto descriptivos como interpretativos. Las propuestas en tal dirección deben replantear el alcance y los límites de una bioética global en sus versiones «densa» o «suave».

Palabras clave:
Cultura
Pragmática social
Bioética cultural
Fundamentación
Justificación
Abstract

Emphasising the pre-eminence of the Western point of view in the configuration of the bioethical discourse known in Latin America, the thesis of a cultural formulation is presented that helps to understand and accept differences. Culture is defined as the set of beliefs, traditions, and aspirations in a group that determines the model ideal behaviour for its members. It is a social pragmatics that needs to be studied, decoded, and understood in both descriptive and interpretive terms. Proposals in that direction should reformulate the scope and limits of a global bioethics into its “weighty” and “light” versions.

Keywords:
Culture
Social pragmatics
Cultural bioethics
Rationale
Justification

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