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Vol. 1. Issue 2.
Pages 79-95 (July - December 2015)
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Vol. 1. Issue 2.
Pages 79-95 (July - December 2015)
Original article
Epistemology of bioethics in the making: from historical context to conceptual plurality and anticipation
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Mylène Botbol-Baum
Institut Supérieur de Philosophie, Catholic University of Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
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Abstract

This paper addresses the epistemological reasons for bioethics emerging as a utopian pluralism. I evaluate first the possibility and the conditions of a unifying discourse around a shared epistemology, through several methodological approaches that marked the discipline.

Reviewing the history of bioethics, I observe that the utopia has been reduced to building governance on strategic biopolitical consensus, minimizing conflicting subjective rights. I conclude that bioethics is still in the making and that its new role is to anticipate the consequences of techno-sciences and the anthropological changes they provoke.

Keywords:
Bioethics history
Applied epistemology
Plasticity
Anticipation
Capabilities
Resumen

Este artículo trata sobre las razones epistemológicas por las que la bioética emerge como un pluralismo utópico. En primer lugar, evalúo la posibilidad y las condiciones de un discurso unificador en torno a una epistemología compartida, a través de diversos enfoques metodológicos que marcaron a esta disciplina.

A raíz de una revisión de la historia de la bioética, observé que la utopía se ha reducido a construir un gobierno del consenso biopolítico estratégico, minimizando los derechos subjetivos que entren en conflicto con él. Concluyo que la bioética es una disciplina aún en desarrollo y que su nueva función es anticiparse a las consecuencias de las tecnociencias y los cambios antropológicos que estas desencadenan.

Palabras clave:
Historia de la bioética
Epistemología aplicada
Plasticidad
Anticipación
Capacidades

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