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Vol. 4. Issue 2.
Pages 103-118 (July - December 2018)
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Vol. 4. Issue 2.
Pages 103-118 (July - December 2018)
Artículo original
DOI: 10.1016/j.bioet.2018.02.001
El «mejor interés» del menor transexual
The “best interest” of the transsexual minor
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José López Guzmán
Doctor en Farmacia, Departamento de Farmacología, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Navarra, España
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Cuando un niño o niña se considera con manifestaciones propias de disforia de género se aconseja a los padres que se comience la transición social al nuevo género y se facilite a los menores bloqueadores de la pubertad, a los 16 años se le recomienden hormonas cruzadas y, por último, cuando llegue la mayoría de edad se proceda a la intervención quirúrgica. Este protocolo, que se podría denominar oficial o políticamente correcto, al tener el respaldo de distintas asociaciones profesionales sanitarias, colectivos de afectados y, en algunos casos, la propia legislación, está siendo muy discutido por distintas razones como, por ejemplo, las bajas tasas de persistencia de transexualismo en el paso de la infancia a la madurez, los efectos secundarios de los tratamientos, etc. Ante esta tesitura, cualquier determinación en este sentido deberá venir precedida de un acto de prudencia en el que se proteja el bien del menor. En este marco, cabe preguntarse cuál es el mejor interés del menor.

Palabras clave:
Transexual
Disforia de género
Menor
Tratamiento
Abstract

When a child is considered to have manifestations of gender dysphoria, parents are advised to begin the social transition to the new gender, and to provide the child with blockers of puberty and give cross-hormones at 16 years of age. Finally, when the age of majority comes, surgery is recommended. This protocol, which could be called official or politically correct, because of its support by different health professional associations, groups of people affected, and, in some cases, the legislation itself. These are all being discussed for various reasons, such as, for example, the low rates of persistence of transsexualism in the passage from childhood to maturity, and the side effects of treatments, etc. Given this situation, any decision making in this regard must be preceded by an act of prudence, aimed at guaranteeing the child's welfare. Within this framework it is important to ask what is really the best interest of the child.

Keywords:
Transsexual
Gender dysphoria
Young
Treatment

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