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Vol. 3. Issue 1.
Pages 21-31 (January - June 2017)
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Vol. 3. Issue 1.
Pages 21-31 (January - June 2017)
Artículo original
DOI: 10.1016/j.bioet.2017.02.002
Análisis prospectivo sobre la investigación biomédica desde un enfoque bioético
Prospective analysis of biomedical research from a bioethical approach
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Manuel Ruiz de Chávez
Corresponding author
manuel.ruizdechavez@salud.gob.mx

Autor para correspondencia.
, Gustavo Olaiz Barragán, Aidée Orozco Pérez
Comisión Nacional de Bioética, Ciudad de México, México
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Resumen

Los últimos avances en materia de biomedicina —como las técnicas de edición de la línea germinal humana o la digitalización de la salud— poseen implicaciones que deben ser analizadas a la luz de los derechos humanos y de los principios bioéticos a fin de proteger a los sujetos de estudio y asegurar el beneficio para la población en la realización de protocolos de investigación. Al respecto, el enfoque interdisciplinario de la bioética contribuye no solo a establecer criterios y lineamientos para orientar a los investigadores ante situaciones de incertidumbre, sino a mejorar el entorno y las condiciones en que se lleva a cabo la praxis científica. Bajo este concepto, se ofrece al lector un breve análisis acerca de los principales problemas que enfrenta el desarrollo de la investigación biomédica en los ámbitos nacional e internacional, no solo respecto de los aspectos técnicos y científicos de esta actividad, sino también los sociales y legales.

Palabras clave:
Bioética
Biomedicina
Investigación en salud
Justicia distributiva
Abstract

The latest advances in biomedicine — such as the human germ line editing or computerised health information — have implications that need to be analysed in the light of human rights and bioethical principles, in order to protect study subjects and to ensure that the population benefits from carrying out research protocols. In this respect, a multidisciplinary approach to bioethics not only contributes to establishing criteria and guidelines to help researchers in situations of uncertainty, but also to improving the environment and the conditions under which scientific practice is carried out. Under this concept, the following article offers a brief analysis of the main problems facing the development of biomedical research at national and international level, not only as regards the technical and scientific aspects of this activity, but also at a societal and legal.

Keywords:
Bioethics
Biomedicine
Health research
Social justice

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