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Inicio Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología (English Edition) Neonatal glaucoma associated with juvenile xanthogranuloma: Case report
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Vol. 92. Issue 8.
Pages 394-397 (August 2017)
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Vol. 92. Issue 8.
Pages 394-397 (August 2017)
Short communication
Neonatal glaucoma associated with juvenile xanthogranuloma: Case report
Glaucoma neonatal secundario a xantogranuloma juvenil: caso clínico
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A. Ramos Suáreza,b,
Corresponding author
antoniomirmarbella@hotmail.com

Corresponding author.
, I. Ayet Rogera, A. Serra Castaneraa
a Servicio de Oftalmología, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Esplugues de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
b Departamento de Oftalmología, Hospital Costa del Sol, Marbella, Málaga, Spain
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Abstract
Case report

The case concerns a 22 day-old male child with juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG), which manifested as a unilateral glaucoma and with fibrinous hemorrhagic exudate in the anterior chamber affecting the angle of the right eye. Despite a high level of suspicion, the definitive diagnosis was not possible until the infant reached the age of 10 months, after the appearance of the skin lesions typical of this condition and histopathological study of them.

Conclusion

JXG is a rare disease, characterized by yellowish skin lesions on the trunk, neck, or head. Up to 10% of cases will have ocular involvement, which is the most common extracutaneous manifestation of the disease.

Keywords:
Juvenile xanthogranuloma
Ocular
Pediatric glaucoma
Hyphema
Treatment
Resumen
Caso clínico

Varón de 22 días con xantogranulomatosis juvenil (XGJ) que comenzó con glaucoma unilateral y exudado fibrinohemorrágico que invadía ángulo en su ojo derecho. Pese a un alto nivel de sospecha, el diagnóstico definitivo no pudo realizarse hasta los 10 meses de vida tras la aparición y estudio anatomopatológico de las típicas lesiones cutáneas.

Conclusión

La XGJ es una enfermedad poco frecuente caracterizada por lesiones cutáneas amarillentas en tronco, cuello o cabeza. Hasta el 10% de casos pueden presentar afectación ocular siendo la manifestación extracutánea más frecuente de la enfermedad.

Palabras clave:
Xantogranulomatosis juvenil
Ocular
Glaucoma pediátrico
Hifema
Tratamiento

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