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Vol. 95. Issue 12.
Pages 611-614 (December 2020)
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Vol. 95. Issue 12.
Pages 611-614 (December 2020)
Short communication
Fundoscopic characteristics in three cases of familial hyperchylomicronaemia
Características fundoscópicas en tres casos de hiperquilomicronemia familiar
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F. López-Herrero, L. Trujillo-Berraquero, C. Franco-Ruedas, A. Martínez-Borrego, J. De las Morenas-Iglesias
Corresponding author
juandmiglesias@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, J.L. Sánchez-Vicente
Servicio de Oftalmología, Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío, Sevilla, Spain
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Abstract
Cases Report

Three cases are presented of patients with familial hyperchylomicronaemia and lipaemia retinalis, in whom an analysis is made of the fundoscopic characteristics of each of them.

Discussion

The typical appearance of the retinal fundus is pale salmon coloured and corresponds to levels of severe lipaemia retinalis. As regards the findings, the vascular tree tonality is probably the best exploratory evidence to help in the ophthalmological diagnosis.

Keywords:
Chylomicronaemia
Familial hyperchylomicronaemia
Hyperlipoproteinaemia
Hypertriglyceridaemia
Lipaemia retinalis
Lipoprotein lipase
Resumen
Caso clínico

Presentamos tres casos de pacientes con hiperquilomicronemia familiar y lipemia retinalis, y analizamos de forma comparada las características fundoscópicas de cada uno de ellos.

Discusión

El aspecto característico del fondo retiniano en color salmon-pálido corresponde con grados severos de lipemia retinalis. Los hallazgos relativos a la tonalidad del árbol vascular en segmentos distales constituyen probablemente el dato exploratorio que mejor orienta el diagnóstico oftalmológico en niveles inferiores de hipertrigliceridemia.

Palabras clave:
Quilomicronemia
Hiperquilomicronemia familiar
Hiperlipoproteinemia
Hipertrigliceridemia
Lipemia retinalis
Lipoproteín-lipasa

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