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Available online 23 April 2024
Bilateral macular edema in sistemic sclerosis
Edema macular bilateral en esclerosis sistémica
M. Zamoranoa,
Corresponding author
margazamo@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, I. Redondo Marcosa, J.J. González-Lópezb
a Departamento de Oftalmología, Hospital Universitario de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Spain
b Departamento de Oftalmología, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain
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Abstract

Systemic sclerosis is a chronic, autoimmune, multisystem disease characterized by vascular dysfunction, chronic inflammation and widespread fibrosis. Although vascular involvement commonly manifests in the skin, it can also affect other organs, including the eyes. The characteristic vascular alteration is an obliterative fibroproliferative vasculopathy leading to hypoxia and tissue ischemia. We present a case of bilateral macular edema in a patient diagnosed with systemic sclerosis, as a consequence of retinal and choroidal vascular changes.

Keywords:
Retina
Macular edema
Sistemic sclerosis
Collagen disorders
Resumen

La esclerosis sistémica (ES) es una enfermedad crónica, autoinmune y multisistémica que se caracteriza por una disfunción vascular, inflamación crónica y fibrosis generalizada. Aunque la afectación vascular se manifiesta comúnmente en la piel, también puede afectar otros órganos, incluyendo los ojos. La alteración vascular característica es una vasculopatía fibroproliferativa obliterante que conduce a la hipoxia e isquemia tisular. Presentamos un caso de edema macular (EM) bilateral en una paciente diagnosticada de ES como consecuencia de cambios vasculares retinianos y coroideos.

Palabras clave:
Retina
Edema macular
Esclerosis sistémica
Enfermedades del colágeno

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