Buscar en
Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)
Toda la web
Inicio Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition) Prevalence of renal stones in Andalusian population: Results of PreLiRenA study
Journal Information
Vol. 39. Issue 1.
Pages 26-31 (January - February 2015)
Share
Share
Download PDF
More article options
ePub
Visits
363
Vol. 39. Issue 1.
Pages 26-31 (January - February 2015)
Original article
DOI: 10.1016/j.acuroe.2014.11.012
Prevalence of renal stones in Andalusian population: Results of PreLiRenA study
Prevalencia de la litiasis renal en Andaluc??a: resultados del estudio PreLiRenA
Visits
...
R. Cano-Casti??eiraa,
Corresponding author
rcanocastineira@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, J. Carrasco-Valientea, L.A. P??rula-de-Torresb, C. Jim??nez-Garc??ab, I. Olaya-Carob, M. Criado-Larumbeb, M.J. Requena-Tapiaa
a Unidad de Gesti??n Cl??nica de Urolog??a, Hospital Universitario Reina Sof??a, C??rdoba, Spain
b Unidad Docente de Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria de C??rdoba, Distrito Sanitario C??rdoba-Guadalquivir, Instituto Maim??nides de investigaci??n Biom??dica de C??rdoba (IMIBIC), Hospital Universitario Reina Sof??a, Universidad de C??rdoba, C??rdoba, Spain
Article information
Abstract
Full Text
Bibliography
Download PDF
Statistics
Figures (1)
Tables (4)
Table 1. Prevalence of renal lithiasis by sex and age groups.
Table 2. Type of treatment performed in patients with lithiasis.
Table 3. Bivariate analysis of the variables associated with renal lithiasis.
Table 4. Multivariate analysis of the variables associated with renal lithiasis.
Show moreShow less
Abstract
Introduction

Urolithiasis is a disease having a high recurrence rate and associated morbidity. A not well quantified increase is being seen in recent years that could be related with various factors. The main purpose of our study has been to estimate urolithiasis prevalence and incidence in the region of Andalusia, determining which factors are associated.

Material and methods

We performed an observational and cross-sectional study. Using a multistage randomized procedure, we selected a sample of 2439 subjects, aging from 40 to 65 years old, who currently lived in Andalusia. Data was collected through phone interviews, questioning the chosen subjects about their kidney stones history, comorbidity and socio-demographic characteristics. We conducted a descriptive, bivariate and multivariate analysis with logistic regression.

Results

A total of 2439 subjects were surveyed. Subjects had mean age of 51.1±7.61 years – standard deviation; (95% confidence interval – 95% CI: 50.70–51.30), 48.7% of whom were male. Prevalence of urolithiasis obtained was 16.4% (95% CI: 14.87–17.85%) and an incidence of 1.2 (95% CI: 0.74–1.64). Variables significantly associated with the presence of urolithiasis found in the multivariate study were: presence of a family history of kidney stones (odds ratio – OR: 1.91; 95% CI: 1.51–2.40, p<.001), hypertension (OR:1.58; 95% CI:1.24–2.02; p<.001), gout (OR:1.98; 95% CI: 1.26–3.12; p=.003) and a high BMI (OR: 1.60; 95% CI 1.19–2.17; p=.008).

Conclusions

A significant increase in the prevalence and incidence of urolithiasis is observed in the environment in regard to the previously available figures. The presence of a family history of urolithiasis, hypertension, gout as well as having a high BMI could influence the observed epidemiological changes in renal lithiasis.

Keywords:
Urolithiasis
Prevalence
Incidence
Resumen
Introducción

La urolitiasis es una enfermedad con alta tasa de recidiva y gran morbilidad asociada. Se está percibiendo un aumento no bien cuantificado en los últimos años que podría estar relacionado con diversos factores. El objetivo principal fue estimar la magnitud de la urolitiasis en Andalucía y determinar qué factores se hallan asociados.

Material y métodos

Realizamos un estudio observacional, transversal. Mediante procedimiento aleatorizado polietápico seleccionamos una muestra de 2.439 sujetos, de 40 a 65 años, residentes en Andalucía. La recogida de datos se realizó mediante encuesta telefónica, interrogando a los sujetos sobre antecedentes de litiasis renal, comorbilidad y características sociodemográficas. Realizamos un análisis estadístico descriptivo, bivariado y multivariado (regresión logística múltiple).

Resultados

Fueron encuestados 2.439 sujetos, con una edad media de 51,1±7,61 años-desviación típica (intervalo de confianza al 95% [IC 95%]: 50,70–51,30) de los cuales el 48,7% eran varones. La prevalencia de urolitiasis fue del 16,4% (IC 95%: 14,87–17,85) y la incidencia del 1,2% (IC 95%: 0,74–1,64). Como variables asociadas a la presencia de urolitiasis en el estudio multivariado encontramos la presencia de antecedentes familiares de litiasis renal (odds ratio [OR]: 1,91; IC 95%: 1,51–2,40; p<0,001); la hipertensión arterial (OR: 1,58; IC 95%: 1,24–2,02; p<0,001), padecer gota (OR: 1,98; IC 95%: 1,26–3,12; p=0,003) y un índice de masa corporal elevado (OR: 1,60; IC 95%:1,19–2,17; p=0,008).

Conclusiones

Se constata un incremento importante de la prevalencia e incidencia de urolitiasis en nuestro medio con respecto a las cifras que previamente conocíamos. La presencia de antecedentes familiares de urolitiasis, la hipertensión arterial, la gota, unido a un índice de masa corporal elevado, podrían desempeñar un importante papel en los cambios epidemiológicos observados en la litiasis renal.

Palabras clave:
Litiasis renal
Prevalencia
Incidencia

Article

These are the options to access the full texts of the publication Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)
Subscriber
Subscriber

If you already have your login data, please click here .

If you have forgotten your password you can you can recover it by clicking here and selecting the option “I have forgotten my password”
Subscribe
Subscribe to

Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)

Purchase
Purchase article

Purchasing article the PDF version will be downloaded

Price 19.34 €

Purchase now
Contact
Phone for subscriptions and reporting of errors
From Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. (GMT + 1) except for the months of July and August which will be from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m.
Calls from Spain
932 415 960
Calls from outside Spain
+34 932 415 960
E-mail
Article options
Tools
es en pt

¿Es usted profesional sanitario apto para prescribir o dispensar medicamentos?

Are you a health professional able to prescribe or dispense drugs?

Você é um profissional de saúde habilitado a prescrever ou dispensar medicamentos