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Vol. 67. Issue 4.
Pages 187-192 (July - August 2016)
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Vol. 67. Issue 4.
Pages 187-192 (July - August 2016)
Original Article
The Efficacy of Individual Treatment of Subjective Tinnitus With Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
La eficacia del tratamiento individual de los acúfenos subjetivos con terapia cognitiva-conductual
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Pascual Canalsa,
Corresponding author
canals_pas@gva.es

Corresponding author.
, Belén Pérez del Valleb, Francisco Lopeza, Amparo Marcoa
a Servicio ORL, Hospital de Sagunto, Sagunto, Valencia, Spain
b Servicio ORL, Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
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Abstract
Introduction

It has been a long time since subjective tinnitus cases were described for the first time but they still lack a treatment with proven effectiveness. The main goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapy in these patients.

Patients and method

Between 2012 and 2013, 310 patients that suffered from subjective tinnitus were studied. Of these, 267 were included in treatment based on cognitive behavioural therapy. The monitoring period lasted 18 months for most cases, while it lasted 21 months for 11 patients.

Results

Considering patients that interrupted their treatment as failures, the percentage of recovery was 95.7%.

Conclusion

Cognitive behavioural therapy should always be included in the treatment of people suffering from tinnitus.

Keywords:
Subjective tinnitus
Psychologist interview
Cognitive behavioural therapy
Resumen
Introducción

Los acúfenos subjetivos, a pesar del tiempo transcurrido desde que fueron descritos por primera vez, continúan sin tener un tratamiento con eficacia demostrada. El objetivo de este artículo es valorar la eficacia de la terapia cognitiva-conductual en el tratamiento de estos enfermos.

Pacientes y métodos

Durante un periodo de tiempo de los años 2012-2013 se estudia a 310 enfermos que presentaban acúfenos subjetivos. De ellos, 267 fueron incluidos en un tratamiento basado en terapia cognitiva-conductual. El periodo de seguimiento fue de 18 meses y en 11 enfermos de 21 meses.

Resultados

Considerando los enfermos que interrumpieron el tratamiento como fracasos, el porcentaje de curación fue de 95,7%

Conclusión

La terapia cognitiva-conductual debe estar siempre incluida en el tratamiento de los enfermos de acúfenos.

Palabras clave:
Acúfenos subjetivos
Entrevista psicológica
Terapia cognitiva-conductual

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