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Inicio Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española Sinonasal mucormycosis during 2 years of COVID-19 pandemic in central Iran: inci...
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Vol. 74. Issue 5.
Pages 298-304 (September - October 2023)
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Vol. 74. Issue 5.
Pages 298-304 (September - October 2023)
Original article
Sinonasal mucormycosis during 2 years of COVID-19 pandemic in central Iran: incidence rate and clinical features
Mucormicosis sinonasal durante 2 años de pandemia de COVID-19 en el centro de Irán: tasa de incidencia y características clínicas
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Mohammadhossein Dadgarnia, Mohammad Mandegari, Mohammadhossein Baradaranfar, Sedighe Vaziribozorg, Mahsa Abdollahpour
Corresponding author
m.abdollahpoor2021@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Otorhinolaryngology Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
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Abstract
Introduction

As a novel infectious disease, COVID-19 is caused by SARS-COV-2, spreading rapidly worldwide. ENT specialists have faced this challenging disease in various ways since the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic. We are currently facing an increase in cases referred due to sinonasal mucormycosis which is a rare but invasive, rapidly progressive, and life-threatening infection. We provide an overview of this disease's incidence rate and clinical features.

Methods

This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 46 sinonasal mucormycosis patients who were histopathologically confirmed after sinonasal endoscopic surgery in our educational therapeutic hospital during 2 years of the COVID-19 pandemic from March 20, 2020, to March 20, 2022.

Results

There was an increase in the incidence of mucormycosis more than twice as much as before. All patients had a history of COVID-19 and 69.6% were diabetic. The median time to symptom onset from COVID-19 detection was 3.3 weeks. A total of 60.9% received steroids while 85.7% were prescribed during COVID-19 treatment. The most common manifestation was orbital involvement (80.4%). Of the 46 study cases, unfortunately, 17 (37%) died. An exciting point in our study was the incidence of peripheral facial palsy which is associated involvement of multiple other cranial nerves (II, III, IV, V, VI) considered to be the likely occurrence of a rare phenomenon called Garcin's syndrome.

Conclusion

Based on the results of this study, during 2 years of the COVID -19 pandemic, there was an increase in the incidence of sinonasal mucormycosis more than twice as much as before.

Keywords:
Sinonasal mucormycosis
COVID-19 pandemic
Incidence rate
Clinical features
Invasive fungal sinusitis
Resumen
Introducción

La enfermedad infecciosa COVID-19, causada por el SARS.COV-2 se ha extendido rápidamente por el mundo. Como otorrinolaringólogos, nos hemos enfrentado a esta enfermedad de diversas maneras durante el periodo de pandemia. Actualmente evidenciamos a un aumento de casos de mucormicosis nasosinusal, infección rara pero invasiva, rápidamente progresiva y amenazante para la vida. Presentamos una descripción general de la incidencia de esta enfermedad, así como sus características clínicas.

Métodos

Estudio descriptivo transversal de 46 pacientes con mucormicosis nasosinusal confirmados histopatológicamente en un hospital universitario de Irán desde el 20 marzo de 2020 hasta el 20 de marzo de 2022.

Resultados

El aumento en la incidencia de mucormicosis ha sido más del doble en comparación con el pasado. Los pacientes todos tenían antecedentes de COVID-19, y el 69.6 % de ellos eran diabéticos. El plazo promedio de aparición de los síntomas ha sido 3.3 semanas desde la detección del COVID-19. Un total de 60.9% de pacientes recibieron esteroides mientras que el 85.7% fueron recetados durante el tratamiento contra el COVID-19. La manifestación más frecuente fue la afectación orbitaria (80.4%). De los 46 casos de estudio, lamentablemente, 17 (37%) fallecieron. Un punto emocionante en nuestro estudio fue la incidencia de parálisis facial periférica que está afectada y asociada con la participación de muchos otros nervios craneales (II, III, IV, V, VI) que se considera que es la probable ocurrencia de un fenómeno raro llamado síndrome de Garcin.

Conclusión

En base a los resultados de este estudio podemos concluir que la incidencia de mucormicosis nasosinusal se duplicó en Irán durante el periodo de pandemia

Palabras clave:
Mucormicosis nasosinusal
COVID-19 incidencia
Características clínicas
Síndrome de Gracin

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