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Vol. 69. Issue 4.
Pages 187-200 (July - August 2018)
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Vol. 69. Issue 4.
Pages 187-200 (July - August 2018)
Original article
Evaluation of the Training Capacity of the Spanish Resident Book of Otolaryngology (FORMIR) as an Electronic Portfolio
Evaluación de la capacidad formativa del libro del residente de Otorrinolaringología español (FORMIR) como portafolio electrónico
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Juan Manuel Maza Solanoa,
Corresponding author
juan.maza.solano@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Gustavo Benavente Bermudoa, Francisco José Estrada Molinaa, Jesús Ambrosiani Fernándezb, Serafín Sánchez Gómeza
a Servicio de Otorrinolaringología, Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena, Sevilla, Spain
b Departamento de Anatomía, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain
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Abstract
Background

and objectives We have evaluated the training capacity of the Spanish resident training book as an electronic portfolio to achieve the learning objectives of otorhinolaryngology (ENT) residents.

Methods

A multi-method qualitative investigation with transversal characteristics, temporal and retrospective guidance was performed on Spanish ENT residents using a structured questionnaire, a semi-structured interview, and a computer application on the FORMIR website.

Results

A 56.5% of ENT-residents specialising in one of the 63 accredited Spanish hospitals between 2009 and 2012 participated in the study. The results obtained show that the ENT residents who used the e-portfolio were better able to implement self-guided study, were more aware of their learning objectives, fulfilled the training programme more efficiently, identified the causes of learning gaps more clearly, and considered FORMIR in e-portfolio format to be an ideal training tool to replace the resident training book in paper format.

Conclusions

The ENT residents greatly appreciated the training benefits of FORMIR as an e-portfolio, especially its simple and intuitive interface, the ease and comfort with which they could record their activities, the automatic and numeric feedback on the acquisition of their competencies (which facilitates self-guided learning), its storage capacity for evidence, and its ability to be used as UEMS logbook as well as a standard curriculum vitae. All these features make FORMIR a training and evaluation tool that outperforms similar instruments available to ENT residents. They do not hesitate to identify it as the ideal resident training book for facilitating their specialised training.

Keywords:
Medical education
Clinical competence
Otolaryngology
Internship and residency
Outcome and process assessment (health care)
Programme evaluation
Resumen
Introducción y objetivos

Evaluar la capacidad formativa del libro del residente español como portafolio electrónico para alcanzar los objetivos de aprendizaje de los MIR de Otorrinolaringología (ORL).

Métodos

Se realizó una investigación cualitativa multimétodo de características tranversal, temporal y de orientación retrospectiva sobre los MIR de ORL mediante un cuestionario estructurado y una entrevista semiestructurada, sobre la aplicación informática web FORMIR.

Resultados

Participaron el 56,5% de los MIR de ORL de alguno de los 63 hospitales españoles acreditados para impartir formación en ORL entre 2009 y 2012. Los resultados obtenidos demostraron que los MIR de ORL que utilizaban el portafolio electrónico eran capaces de autoguiar mejor su aprendizaje, conocían mejor sus objetivos de aprendizaje, cumplían más eficientemente el programa de formación, identificaban más claramente las causas de sus carencias en el aprendizaje y consideraban que FORMIR como portafolio electrónico constituía una herramienta formativa idónea para sustituir al libro del residente en formato papel.

Conclusiones

Los MIR de ORL apreciaban de forma muy relevante las prestaciones formativas de FORMIR como portafolio electrónico, especialmente su interfaz, el feedback numérico y automático sobre la adquisición de competencias, su capacidad de almacenamiento de evidencias y su capacidad de visualizarse como logbook de la Unión Europea de Médicos Especialistas o como un curriculum vitae estándar. Este feedback automático facilita el aprendizaje autoguiado. Todo esto hace de FORMIR una herramienta formativa y evaluativa que supera las prestaciones y aceptación de instrumentos similares puestos a disposición de los residentes, que no dudan en proponerlo como el libro del residente más idóneo para facilitar su formación especializada.

Palabras clave:
Educación médica
Competencia clínica
Otorrinolaringología
Médico interno residente
Resultados y evaluación en salud
Programa de evaluación

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