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Vol. 71. Issue 1.
Pages 45-55 (January - February 2020)
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Vol. 71. Issue 1.
Pages 45-55 (January - February 2020)
Early Diagnosis and Treatment of Unilateral or Asymmetrical Hearing Loss in Children: CODEPEH Recommendations
Diagnóstico y tratamiento precoz de la hipoacusia unilateral o asimétrica en la infancia: recomendaciones CODEPEH
Faustino Núñez-Batallaa,
Corresponding author

Corresponding author.
, Carmen Jáudenes-Casaubónb, Jose Miguel Sequí-Canetb, Ana Vivanco-Allendeb, Jose Zubicaray-Ugartecheb
a Presidente de la CODEPEH (Comisión para la detección precoz de la hipoacusia)
b Vocales de la CODEPEH
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The aim of this document is to improve the management and the treatment of unilateral or asymmetrical hearing loss in children. One in one thousand newborn infants has unilateral hearing loss and this prevalence increases with age, due to cases of acquired and delayed-onset hearing loss.

Although the impact on the development and learning processes of children of these kinds of hearing loss have usually been minimized, if they are not treated they will impact on language and speech development, as well as overall development, affecting the quality of life of the child and his/her family.

The outcomes of the review are expressed as recommendations aimed at clinical diagnosis and therapeutic improvement for unilateral or asymmetrical hearing loss.

Unilateral hearing loss
Asymmetrical hearing loss
Binaural hearing
Hearing processing
Quality of life
Hearing disability

El objetivo del presente documento es contribuir a la mejora del manejo de la hipoacusia unilateral y de la hipoacusia asimétrica en la infancia. Las sorderas unilaterales afectan a uno por mil de los recién nacidos, aumentando su prevalencia con la edad, debido a los casos de aparición diferida o adquirida.

Aunque se ha minimizado el impacto de estas sorderas sobre el desarrollo y los aprendizajes del niño, si no son tratadas provocan secuelas sobre el desarrollo del habla y del lenguaje, así como en el desarrollo global, afectando a la calidad de vida del niño y de su familia.

El resultado del trabajo de revisión llevado a cabo se plasma en la formulación de unas recomendaciones orientadas a la mejora clínica diagnóstica y terapéutica de la hipoacusia unilateral y de la hipoacusia asimétrica.

Palabras clave:
Hipoacusia unilateral
Hipoacusia asimétrica
Audición binaural
Procesamiento auditivo
Calidad de vida
Discapacidad auditiva


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