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Inicio Revista Colombiana de Reumatología Los anti-TNF y la progresión radiográfica en espondilitis anquilosante
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Vol. 19. Núm. 1.
Páginas 8-17 (Marzo 2012)
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Vol. 19. Núm. 1.
Páginas 8-17 (Marzo 2012)
DOI: 10.1016/S0121-8123(12)70035-X
Acceso a texto completo
Los anti-TNF y la progresión radiográfica en espondilitis anquilosante
The anti-TNF and the radiological progression in ankylosing spondylitis
Visitas
...
Mauricio Restrepo Escobar1,
Autor para correspondencia
mauresco90@hotmail.com

Correspondencia:.
, Carolina Muñoz Grajales1, Adriana Lucía Vanegas García1, Gloria María Vásquez Duque1,2, Luis Alonso González Naranjo1
1 Sección de Reumatología. Departamento de Medicina Interna. Facultad de Medicina. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia
2 Grupo de Inmunología Celular e Inmunogenética. Facultad de Medicina. Universidad de Antioquia. Medellín, Colombia
Información del artículo
Resumen

Los agentes biológicos inhibidores del factor de necrosis tumoral alfa (anti-TNF) se constituyen en un avance muy significativo en el tratamiento de los pacientes con espondilitis anquilosante (EA), demostrando una notable mejoría de sus síntomas, de su función y de su calidad de vida. Sumado a esta excelente respuesta clínica, se ha demostrado igualmente mejoría de la inflamación, demostrada mediante pruebas de laboratorio y estudios de resonancia nuclear magnética. A pesar de esta clara evidencia, la conexión entre actividad inflamatoria y progresión estructural no está tan claramente establecida como en artritis reumatoide (AR), y la evidencia de la eficacia de los anti-TNF en la prevención de la progresión del daño radiológico crónico en EA es deficiente. Se revisan las evidencias y las teorías actuales respecto a este crucial tema y se hace mención del importante papel de la proteína DKK-1, inhibidora de la vía Wnt. Esta proteína ha emergido recientemente como un regulador fundamental en la biología ósea y se constituye en una conexión clave entre inflamación, osteoporosis y remodelación articular.

Palabras clave:
espondilitis anquilosante
anti-TNF
progresión radiográfica
proteína Dickkopf-1
Summary

The anti-TNF biological agents constitute a major advance in the treatment of patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) showing a remarkable improvement in symptoms of patients, their function and quality of life. In addition to this excellent clinical response, it has also been clearly demonstrated improvement of inflammation as evidenced by laboratory tests and MRI studies. Despite this clear evidence, the connection between inflammatory activity and structural progression is not as clearly established as in rheumatoid arthritis, and the evidence of anti-TNF therapy to prevent chronic EA radiological damage is poor. We review the evidence and current theories about this crucial issue and mention the important role of DKK-1 protein, an inhibitor of the Wnt pathway. This protein has recently emerged as a key regulator in bone biology and constitutes a key link between inflammation, osteoporosis and joint remodeling.

Key words:
spondylitis
ankylosing
tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors
radiographic progression
Dickkopf-1 protein
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