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Vol. 12. Núm. 39.
Páginas 123-149 (Junio 2009)
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Vol. 12. Núm. 39.
Páginas 123-149 (Junio 2009)
DOI: 10.1016/S1138-5758(09)70037-4
Open Access
La internacionalización de la empresa: El conocimiento experimental como derterminante del resultado en mercados exteriores
The Firm's Internationalization: The Experiential Knowledge as Determinant of Performance in Foreign Markets
Visitas
...
Julia Martín Armario
, M. Ángeles Rastrollo Horrillo**, Eva M. González Robles***
* Profesora Contratada Doctora. Codirectora de la Cátedra Extenda de Internacionalización de la UMA. Universidad de Málaga. Departamento de Economía y Administración de Empresas. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Campus El Ejido s/n. 29071 Málaga (España)
** Profesora Titular de Universidad. Codirectora de la Cátedra Extenda de Internacionalización de la UMA. Universidad de Málaga
*** Profesora Colaboradora. Universidad de Málaga
Información del artículo
Resumen

Este artículo aborda el proceso de internacionalización de la empresa, utilizando las aportaciones de la Teoría de la Empresa Basada en el Conocimiento (TBC) para complementar la literatura sobre negocios internacionales y desarrollar un marco conceptual sobre la contribución del conocimiento experimental en la obtención de mejores resultados en los mercados exteriores. Para ello, utilizando la metodología SEM, se relacionan los distintos niveles de conocimiento experimental sobre el stock de conocimiento de la empresa y la influencia de este stock en la adaptación de las capacidades organizativas a su entorno de mercado. Asimismo, se aporta evidencia empírica que relaciona la Gestión del Conocimiento con los resultados que una muestra de pequeñas y medianas empresas exportadoras andaluzas obtienen en mercados exteriores.

Palabras clave:
Internacionalización
gestión del conocimiento
resultados de exportación
pequeñas y medianas empresas
Abstract

This article examines the internationalization process of the firms, integrating contributions from the knowledge-based theory of the firm and the literature on international business to develop a conceptual framework for the contribution of experiential knowledge to improved performance in foreign markets. For this purpose, the structural equation modeling methodology is used to relate the different levels of experiential knowledge with the firm's stock of knowledge and the influence of this stock of knowledge on the adaptation of organizational capabilities to the market environment. Likewise, the work provides empirical evidence relating knowledge management to foreign market performance in a sample of Spanish small and medium-sized export firms.

Keywords:
Knowledge management
internationalization
export performance
small and medium-sized firms
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