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First Spanish program of virtual body donation. Medico-legal issues and academic, clinical care and research interest
Primer programa español de donación corporal virtual. Aspectos médico-legales e interés en docencia, asistencia e investigación
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José Aso-Escarioa,b,
Corresponding author
jaso@maz.es

Corresponding author.
, Manuel Gil-Beguéc, Cristina Sebastián-Sebastiánd, Alberto Aso-Vizáne, José Vicente Martínez-Quiñonesa, Fabián Consolinia, Ricardo Arreguia, Ana Nuez-Polof
a Servicio de Neurocirugía, Hospital MAZ, Zaragoza, Spain
b Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad San Jorge, Zaragoza, Spain
c Servicio de Calidad e Innovación, Hospital MAZ, Zaragoza, Spain
d Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico, Hospital MAZ, Zaragoza, Spain
e Servicio de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología, Hospital General de la Defensa, Zaragoza, Spain
f Dirección Médica, Hospital MAZ, Zaragoza, Spain
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Abstract

Body donation is in the basis of transplantation programs, founded on receptor and donor rights. Nevertheless, if the purpose is not directed to healthcare, the regulation is different both in live or deceased individuals.

“Imaging techniques” generates digital files containing the “virtual body” of the patient, raising a new possibility: virtual body donation, which is not regulated in Spain and would not be compliant with legal requirements for other ways of donation.

A pioneer program for virtual body donation is presented, analysing its characteristics, medico-legal issues, organisation and functioning.

Having an unlimited number of virtual specimens (normal and pathological) could support a new way for teaching and research. These resources would also have the advantage of learning virtual biopsy (virtopsy).

It is thought that these programs, pioneers in Spain, could be useful for introducing similar initiatives that would have unlimited applications in teaching and research both in forensic and morphological sciences.

Keywords:
Three-dimensional medical imaging
Living donor
Informed consent
Bioethics
Resumen

La donación corporal es la base de los programas de trasplantes, cuya regulación se fundamenta en los derechos del donante y receptor.

Sin embargo, si su objetivo no es asistencial, la normativa difiere tanto en vivos como en fallecidos.

Las llamadas «técnicas de imagen» permiten obtener ficheros digitales con el cuerpo virtual del paciente, lo que brinda una nueva posibilidad: la donación corporal virtual, no regulada en España y tampoco ajustada a la normativa del resto de las donaciones.

Presentamos un programa de donación corporal, analizando sus características, aspectos médico-legales, clínicos, de organización y funcionamiento.

Contar con un número ilimitado de especímenes virtuales impulsa una nueva forma de docencia e investigación. Tiene, además, ventajas para la formación de los profesionales en técnicas de autopsia virtual.

Creemos que este programa, pionero en España, puede servir para extender iniciativas similares de utilidad ilimitada en docencia e investigación en ciencias forenses, morfológicas y afines.

Palabras clave:
Tridimensional, imagen médica
Donante vivo
Consentimiento informado
Bioética

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