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Research Methodology and Critical Reading of Studies
DOI: 10.1016/j.rcpeng.2016.06.003
The research question in clinical practice: A guideline for its formulation
La pregunta de investigación en la práctica clínica: guía para formularla
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Martín Cañóna,
Corresponding author
martin.canon@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Quiteria Buitrago-Gómezb
a Departamento de Salud Pública y Medicina Comunitaria, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Icesi, Cali, Colombia
b Especialización en Medicina nuclear, Fundación Universitaria Sanitas, Bogotá, Colombia
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Tables (9)
Table 1. Summary of the structure for formulating research questions.
Example 1. Causality question.
Example 2. Diagnostic accuracy question (without comparison and not descriptive).
Example 3. Diagnostic accuracy question (with comparison or analytical).
Example 4. Scale-validation questions (measurement).
Example 5. Intervention question.
Example 6. Intervention question without comparison.
Example 7. Prognosis question.
Example 8. Qualitative question.
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Additional material (1)
Abstract

The systematic formulation of the research question allows the researcher to focus the study, guide the method decisions, and to put forward possible solutions. In practice, there are difficulties in the formulation of research problems. Diversity of clinical scenarios can lead to a mismatch between the structure of the research question and the classical PICO (population, intervention, control, and outcomes) format. The aim of this article is to provide guidelines that help in the proper formulation of clinical practice research questions for general practitioners, specialists, and healthcare personnel in training.

Keywords:
Research
Methods
Clinical medicine
Resumen

La elaboración sistemática de la pregunta de investigación permite al investigador enfocar el problema, orientar los métodos y postular posibles soluciones. En la práctica, todavía se observan dificultades en la formulación del problema de investigación. La diversidad de los escenarios clínicos, de donde resulta buena parte de las preguntas de investigación, hace que su formulación no se ajuste siempre a la estrategia PICO. El objetivo de este artículo es aportar una guía que facilite la formulación de las preguntas de investigación que surgen en la práctica clínica a médicos, especialistas y personal en entrenamiento.

Palabras clave:
Investigación
Métodos
Clínica médica

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