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Inicio Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría (English Edition) The role of Colombian psychiatrists in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic
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Vol. 50. Issue 3.
Pages 184-188 (July - September 2021)
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Vol. 50. Issue 3.
Pages 184-188 (July - September 2021)
Original article
The role of Colombian psychiatrists in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic
El rol del psiquiatra colombiano en medio de la pandemia de COVID-19
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Juan Fernando Canoa,
Corresponding author
juanf.cano@urosario.edu.co

Corresponding author.
, Jairo Mario González-Díaza, Alexie Vallejo-Silvaa, Marcela Alzate-Garcíab, Rodrigo Nel Córdoba-Rojasa,b
a Centro Rosarista de Salud Mental – CeRSaMe, Escuela de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud – EMCS, Universidad del Rosario, Bogotá, Colombia
b Centro de Investigaciones del Sistema Nervioso – Grupo CISNE, Bogotá, Colombia
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Abstract
Introduction

The COVID-19 pandemic is having an impact on multiple levels, one being the way of providing mental health care services. A study was proposed in order to identify the standpoints regarding the role we must assume as psychiatrists in the setting of this pandemic in Colombia.

Methods

A study was developed employing a Delphi-type methodology. Three types of psychiatrist were included for the application of the instrument: directors of academic psychiatry programmes, directors of mental health institutions and private practitioners.

Results

Responses were collected over the course of a month (between April and May) by 24 participants corresponding to 14 private practitioners (58.3%), 6 heads of academic programmes (25.1%) and 4 directors of mental health services (16.6%). The results, grouped around the psychiatric work, describe the impact generated by the pandemic and the possible role of the specialist.

Conclusions

Consistency was identified around the need to provide a differential approach according to the vulnerabilities of each group of people exposed to the pandemic; as well as the remote provision of health care through technology, often using videoconferencing.

Keywords:
COVID-19
Mental health
Stigma
Telepsychiatry
Colombia
Resumen
Introducción

La pandemia de COVID-19 genera impactos en múltiples niveles, uno de ellos es la forma de prestar servicios de atención en salud mental. Este estudio se planteó con el fin de identificar las posturas sobre el rol que debemos asumir como psiquiatras en el marco de la pandemia de COVID-19 en Colombia.

Métodos

Se desarrolló un estudio mediante metodología tipo Delphi. Para la aplicación del instrumento, se incluyeron 3 tipos de participantes: psiquiatras directores de programas académicos de psiquiatría, psiquiatras directores de instituciones de salud mental y psiquiatras que ejercieran su labor clínica fuera del contexto académico.

Resultados

Recolectaron las respuestas en el transcurso de 1 mes (entre abril y mayo) 24 participantes: 14 psiquiatras clínicos (58,3%), 6 directores de residencia (25,1%) y 4 coordinadores de servicios de salud mental (16,6%). Se describen los resultados agrupados en torno al quehacer psiquiátrico, el impacto generado por la pandemia y el posible rol del especialista.

Conclusiones

Se identificó consistencia en torno a la necesidad de brindar un abordaje diferencial acorde con las vulnerabilidades propias de cada grupo de personas expuestas a la pandemia, así como la implementación de estrategias de atención psiquiátrica a distancia.

Palabras clave:
COVID-19
Salud mental
Estigma
Telepsiquiatría
Colombia

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