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Vol. 52. Issue 4.
Pages 328-336 (October - December 2023)
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Vol. 52. Issue 4.
Pages 328-336 (October - December 2023)
Original article
Experiences of grief and moral sentiments in survivors of the armed conflict in Medellín, Colombia
Experiencias de duelo y sentimientos morales en sobrevivientes del conflicto armado en Medellín, Colombia
Alis-Dahiana Bedoya-Olaya, Jair-Eduardo Restrepo-Pineda
Corresponding author
jair.restrepo@uniminuto.edu

Corresponding author.
, Luisa-Fernanda Ríos-Carmona, Daniel-Felipe Muñoz-Cortés
Corporación Universitaria Minuto de Dios UNIMINUTO, Bello, Antioquia, Colombia
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Abstract

The objective of the study is to understand the experience of grief and moral sentiments in survivors of the armed conflict in the city of Medellín, Colombia, through qualitative research. In total, 32 people affected by different victimising acts in the context of the armed conflict participated. There is a direct relationship between moral sentiments and the processes of handling and processing loss. Moral sentiments frame the experience of emotions in the victim, after the events have occurred, which influence the way in which the pain experienced is processed. These sentiments permeate the processes of dealing with the incident in survivors, the ways in which they perceive themselves and the perpetrators, and the social stances they adopt to face life. We conclude that moral factors play a role in the emotional recovery of victims and are indicative the possibility or difficulty of processing the events that occurred.

Keywords:
Armed conflict
Morale
Sentiment
Duel
Colombia
Resumen

El objetivo del estudio es comprender la experiencia de duelo y sentimientos morales de los sobrevivientes al conflicto armado en la ciudad de Medellín, Colombia, a través de una investigación cualitativa. En total participaron 32 personas afectadas por diferentes hechos victimizantes en el contexto del conflicto armado. Existe una relación directa entre los sentimientos morales y los procesos de elaboración y tramitación de la pérdida. Los sentimientos morales enmarcan la experiencia de emociones en la víctima, luego de ocurridos los hechos, que influyen en cómo van tramitando el dolor vivido. Estos sentimientos permean los procesos de gestión del hecho en los sobrevivientes, las formas en que se perciben a sí mismos y a los victimarios y las posturas sociales que adoptan para afrontar la vida. Se concluye que los factores de tipo moral intervienen en el restablecimiento emocional de las víctimas y señalan la posibilidad o dificultad para la elaboración de los hechos acontecidos.

Palabras clave:
Conflicto armado
Víctima de Guerra
Sentimiento
Duelo
Colombia

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