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Vol. 48. Issue 3.
Pages 156-165 (July - September 2019)
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Vol. 48. Issue 3.
Pages 156-165 (July - September 2019)
Original article
DOI: 10.1016/j.rcpeng.2017.11.001
Correlation among knowledge, motivations, and skills related to child abuse and socio-demographic factors in Cali, Colombia
Correlación entre conocimientos, motivaciones y habilidades relacionadas con cuidado infantil y aspectos sociodemográficos en Cali, Colombia
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Sandra Marcela Zúñiga Bolívara,
Corresponding author
, Jorge Alirio Holguín Ruizb, Julio Cesar Mateus Solartea,c
a Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia
b Secretaría de Salud Pública Municipal, Cali, Colombia
c Hospital Universitario del Valle, Cali, Colombia
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Tables (5)
Table 1. Sociodemographic characteristics of the participating carers.
Table 2. Prevalence of knowledge, motivation and skills related to child abuse in carers of children under the age of 5 in Cali, Colombia.
Table 3. Relationship between sociodemographic variables and number of appropriate pieces of knowledge for the care of children under the age of 5 in Cali, Colombia.
Table 4. Gross ratio (bivariate) between sociodemographic variables and the number of types of motivation for the adequate care of children under the age of 5 in Cali, Colombia.
Table 5. Relationship between sociodemographic variables and the number of appropriate skills for the care of children under the age of 5 in Cali, Colombia.
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Abstract
Material and methods

A cross-sectional study carried out in Cali households selected via probabilistic sampling, by two-stage clustering. Sociodemographic variables and their relationship with the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the caregivers were analysed.

Results

A total of 519 caregivers were surveyed, most of whom were the mothers of the children. It was found that the predictors related to the knowledge and practices were: schooling, kinship, affiliation with the system, origin, number of children and people in the home, and no related variables were found in terms of attitudes.

Conclusions

It was confirmed that sociodemographic variables predict the presence of knowledge and practices related to child maltreatment in caregivers. The predictors found are fundamental for identifying populations with higher risk of child abuse towards which priority promotion and prevention actions should be directed. The results of this study are essential for being able to incorporate strategies that promote appropriate child care, prevent child abuse into the community component of integral care of prevalent diseases of children (AIEPI), and modulate its effects through by promoting resilience in Colombia.

Keywords:
Knowledge
Attitudes and practice in health
Child abuse
Resumen
Material y métodos

Estudio de corte transversal realizado en hogares de Cali seleccionados mediante muestreo probabilístico por conglomerados bietápico. Se analizaron variables sociodemográficas y su relación con los conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas de los cuidadores.

Resultados

Se encuestó a 519 cuidadores, en su mayoría madres de los niños. Se encontró que los predictores relacionados con los conocimientos y las prácticas son: escolaridad, parentesco, afiliación al sistema, procedencia, número de niños y personas que conforman el hogar, y en cuanto a las actitudes, no se encontraron variables relacionadas.

Conclusiones

Se confirma que las variables sociodemográficas predicen la presencia de conocimientos y prácticas de los cuidadores relacionados con maltrato infantil. Los predictores encontrados son fundamentales para identificar las poblaciones con mayor riesgo de maltrato infantil, que son a las cuales deben dirigirse prioritariamente acciones de promoción y prevención. Los resultados de esta investigación son fundamentales para poder incorporar al componente comunitario de AIEPI estrategias que promuevan el cuidado infantil apropiado, prevengan el maltrato infantil y modulen sus efectos mediante la promoción de la resiliencia en Colombia.

Palabras clave:
Conocimientos
Actitudes y práctica en salud
Abuso de niños

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