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Vol. 49. Issue 4.
Pages 246-254 (October - December 2020)
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Vol. 49. Issue 4.
Pages 246-254 (October - December 2020)
Original article
DOI: 10.1016/j.rcpeng.2020.11.002
Consumption of alcohol, tobacco and psychoactive substances in adolescents from an indigenous territory in the Colombian Amazon
Consumo de alcohol, tabaco y sustancias psicoactivas en adolescentes de un territorio indígena en la Amazonía colombiana
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Adriana Pedroza-Buitragoa, Adriana Pulido-Reynela, Adriana Ardila-Sierraa,
Corresponding author
amardila@fucsalud.edu.co

Corresponding author.
, Silvia Mora Villa-Roela, Patricia Gonzáleza, Levinson Niñob, César Piñerosa
a Fundación Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud (FUCS), Bogotá, Colombia
b Nuevo Hospital Manuel Elkin Patarroyo, Inírida, Guainía, Colombia
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Table 1. Sociodemographic characteristics of the students.
Abstract
Introduction

There are very few studies on the consumption of psychoactive substances (PAS) among young people from indigenous territories and evening or blended learning students. In Inírida, a municipality in the Colombian Amazon, there were concerns about a possible consumption issue that had never been characterised before.

Objective

To characterise the consumption of alcohol, tobacco and PAS in Inírida among teenage evening and blended learning students.

Methods

The Inter-American Uniform Drug Use Data System (SIDUC) survey developed by the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) was adapted to the cultural context and carried out on 95% of 284 evening and blended learning students (262). Descriptive statistics and multiple correspondence analyses were used.

Results

Currently, 59% consume alcohol; 28% tobacco; 21% marijuana; 3% cocaine paste; 1% ecstasy (MDMA); 1% cocaine; and 1% inhalants. Also, 61% believe that drugs are available inside and around the vicinity of their school, and that marijuana (62%) and cocaine paste (35%) are easily acquired. Drugs are most commonly offered in neighbourhoods (56%) and at parties (30%). Those offering the highest quantity of drugs are acquaintances (35%) and friends (29%). And 51% stated that they had participated in preventive activities related to consumption.

Conclusions

Currently, the population has a higher consumption of the substances studied in comparison with the national reference, that of Orinoquía and Amazonía, with the exception of cocaine and inhalants. The consumption situation was confirmed, so participatory actions are proposed.

Keywords:
Adolescent
Alcoholic beverages
Tobacco
Psychotropic drugs
Indigenous population
Resumen
Introducción

Existen muy pocos estudios sobre el consumo de sustancias psicoactivas (SPA) en jóvenes de territorios indígenas y en estudiantes semipresenciales o nocturnos. En Inírida, municipio de la Amazonía colombiana, preocupaba un posible problema de consumo nunca caracterizado.

Objetivo

Caracterizar el consumo de alcohol, tabaco y SPA en adolescentes de Inírida escolarizados en jornada nocturna y semipresencial.

Métodos

Encuesta CICAD/SIDUC, ajustada al contexto cultural, al 95% de los 284 estudiantes de la jornada elegida (n = 262). Se utilizó estadística descriptiva y análisis de correspondencias múltiples.

Resultados

Actualmente consume alcohol el 59%; cigarrillo, el 28%; marihuana, el 21%; basuco, el 3%; éxtasis, el 1%; cocaína, el 1%, e inhalables, el 1%. El 61% considera que en el colegio y alrededores hay disponibilidad de drogas y es fácil conseguir marihuana (62%) y basuco (35%). Se ofrecen drogas con mayor frecuencia en el barrio (56%) y las fiestas (30%). Las personas que más les ofrecen drogas son conocidos (35%) y amigos (29%). El 51% manifiesta haber recibido actividades de prevención del consumo.

Conclusiones

La población actualmente hace mayor consumo de las sustancias estudiadas que el referente nacional y de la Orinoquía y Amazonía y Amazonía, excepto en cocaína e inhalables. Se corrobora la situación de consumo y se proponen acciones participativas.

Palabras clave:
Adolescente
Bebidas alcohólicas
Tabaco
Psicotrópicos
Población indígena

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