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Inicio Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría (English Edition) Concern about COVID-19 infection and workload as predictors of psychological dis...
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Vol. 52. Issue 4.
Pages 273-279 (October - December 2023)
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Vol. 52. Issue 4.
Pages 273-279 (October - December 2023)
Original article
Concern about COVID-19 infection and workload as predictors of psychological distress during the health emergency in Peruvian healthcare personnel
Preocupación por el contagio de la COVID-19 y carga laboral como predictores del malestar psicológico durante la emergencia sanitaria en personal de salud de Perú
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Renzo Felipe Carranza Estebana,
Corresponding author
rcarranza@usil.edu.pe

Corresponding author.
, Oscar Javier Mamani-Benitob, Dámaris Quinteros-Zúñigac, Rosa Farfán-Solísb,d
a Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola, Lima, Perú
b Universidad Peruana Unión, Juliaca, Perú
c Universidad Peruana Unión, Tarapoto, Perú
d Dirección Regional de Salud, Puno, Perú
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Tables (4)
Table 1. Descriptive analyses of psychological distress, concern about COVID-19 and workload.
Table 2. Difference between males and females with respect to self-efficacy for academic writing, reading comprehension, and reading self-efficacy.
Table 3. Correlation between psychological distress, concern about COVID-19, and workload.
Table 4. Predictors of psychological distress in healthcare personnel.
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Abstract
Introduction

During the health emergency, there is concern about the mental health repercussions that Peruvian health workers, who represent the front line of care for COVID-19, may be experiencing.

Objective

To determine whether concern about COVID-19 and workloads predict psychological distress in healthcare workers.

Methods

Predictive study in which 367 workers (nurses, doctors, nursing assistants, obstetricians, dentists, psychologists, nutritionists, among others) from 12 health networks in the Puno region participated, selected through intentional non-probabilistic sampling. The data were collected via the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, the COVID-19 Scale of Concern and the Workload Scale.

Results

It was found that there are no significant differences between men and women in psychological discomfort and concern about COVID-19 infection and workload. Furthermore, highly significant correlations were found between the study variables (P < .01). Multiple regression analysis showed an adequate adjustment for the model (F = 94.834; P < .001), where concern about COVID-19 (β = –0.436; P < .01) and workload (β = 0.239; P < .01) are variables that significantly predict psychological discomfort (adjusted R2 = 0.33).

Conclusions

Concern about COVID-19 and work overload predict psychological distress in health personnel in the Puno region.

Keywords:
Coronavirus infection
Occupational health
Psychological exhaustion
Work
Expression of concern
Resumen
Introducción

Durante la emergencia sanitaria, preocupan las repercusiones en la salud mental que pudieran estar experimentando los trabajadores sanitarios peruanos, quienes representan la primera línea de atención contra la COVID-19.

Objetivo

Determinar si la preocupación por la COVID-19 y la carga laboral predicen el malestar psicológico en personal de salud.

Métodos

Estudio predictivo en 367 trabajadores (enfermeros, médicos, técnicos en enfermería, obstetras, odontólogos, psicólogos, nutricionistas, entre otros) de ambos sexos en 12 redes de salud de la región de Puno, seleccionados a través de un muestreo no probabilístico intencional. Los datos se recogieron a través de la Escala de malestar psicológico de Kessler, la Escala de preocupación por el contagio de la COVID-19 y la Escala de carga de trabajo (ECT).

Resultados

Se encontró que no hay diferencias significativas entre varones y mujeres en el malestar psicológico, la preocupación por el contagio de la COVID-19 y la carga laboral; además, se hallaron correlaciones muy significativas entre las variables de estudio (P < ,01). El análisis de regresión múltiple demostró un ajuste adecuado para el modelo (F = 94,834; P < ,001), en el que la preocupación por la COVID-19 (β = –0,436; P < ,01) y la carga laboral (β = 0,239; P < ,01) son variables que predicen significativamente el malestar psicológico (R2 ajustado = 0,33).

Conclusiones

La preocupación por la COVID-19 y la sobrecarga de trabajo predicen el malestar psicológico en el personal sanitario de la región de Puno.

Palabras clave:
Infección por coronavirus
Salud laboral
Agotamiento psicológico
Trabajo
Expresión de preocupación

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