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Vol. 49. Issue 4.
Pages 271-278 (October - December 2020)
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Vol. 49. Issue 4.
Pages 271-278 (October - December 2020)
Original article
DOI: 10.1016/j.rcpeng.2019.01.002
Child abuse, gender differences and their clinical and criminological implications in incarcerated individuals
Maltrato infantil, diferencias de género y sus implicaciones clínicas y criminológicas en personas privadas de su libertad
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Miguel Vallejos
Corresponding author
dr_mvallejos@yahoo.com.ar

Corresponding author.
, Oscar Maximiliano Cesoni
Hospital Interdisciplinario Psicoasistencial José T. Borda, Buenos Aires, Argentina
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Tables (6)
Table 1. Sociodemographic characteristics.
Table 2. History of traumatic events.
Table 3. History of traumatic events and mental disorders (n: 84).
Table 4. Background of traumatic events and criminological variables (n = 84).
Table 5. Differences by sex and psychopathological analysis.
Table 6. Differences by sex and criminological characteristics.
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Abstract
Introduction

Several studies show high rates of childhood traumatic events in subjects incarcerated in prison institutions.

Objective

To assess the prevalence and gender differences of different types of childhood adverse experiences and their correlation with psychopathological and criminological variables in incarcerated individuals.

Material and methods

An epidemiological, descriptive-observational study was conducted in two psychiatric prisons located in Argentina and 84 subjects of both sexes participated. A socio-demographic questionnaire was used, the SCID I and II scales and the Adverse Childhood Experiences questionnaire.

Results

91.7% of the participants had suffered some adverse experience in childhood. A high rate of physical (63%) and emotional abuse (61%) was detected. We found gender differences in the type of child abuse and the crimes committed. Significant relationships were found between some childhood adverse events and psychiatric disorders, crimes committed and recidivism.

Conclusions

In accordance with other studies, there was a high prevalence of adverse childhood experiences in incarcerated individuals and significant gender differences in the type of child abuse, in psychiatric disorders, in the crimes committed and recidivism.

Keywords:
Child abuse
Gender differences
ACE scale
Incarcerated men
Incarcerated women
Resumen
Introducción

Diversos estudios muestran elevados índices de eventos traumáticos infantiles en sujetos detenidos en instituciones carcelarias.

Objetivo

El objetivo del estudio es evaluar la prevalencia y las diferencias de género de los diferentes tipos de experiencias adversas infantiles y su correlación con variables psicopatológicas y criminológicas en personas detenidas.

Material y métodos

Se realizó un estudio epidemiológico descriptivo-observacional en 2 instituciones psiquiátricas penitenciarias ubicadas en la República Argentina. Participaron 84 personas de ambos sexos. Se utilizó un cuestionario sociodemográfico, las escalas SCID I y II y el Cuestionario de Experiencias Adversas Infantiles.

Resultados

El 91,7% de los participantes habían padecido alguna experiencia adversa en su infancia. Se encontró una elevada tasa de abuso físico (63%) y emocional (61%). Hallamos diferencias de género en el tipo de maltrato infantil y en los delitos cometidos. Se encontraron relaciones significativas entre algunos eventos adversos infantiles y trastornos psiquiátricos, delitos cometidos y reincidencia.

Conclusiones

En concordancia con otros estudios, se observó elevada prevalencia de experiencias adversas infantiles en personas detenidas y diferencias de género significativas en el tipo de maltrato infantil, los trastornos psiquiátricos, los delitos cometidos y la reincidencia.

Palabras clave:
Maltrato infantile
Diferencias de género
Escala ACE
Varones detenidos
Mujeres detenidas

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