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Vol. 56.
Pages 18-28 (July - December 2022)
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Vol. 56.
Pages 18-28 (July - December 2022)
Original article
Effect of resistance training on balance and postural control in people with Parkinson’s: A systematic review
Efecto del entrenamiento resistido sobre el equilibrio y control postural en personas con párkinson: una revisión sistemática
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Kamilla Palheta de Limaa, Cleiton Nascimento da Silvaa, Nizabelle Ferreira de Seixasa, Mariela de Santana Maneschya, Bráulio Nascimento Limab,c,d, Guanis Vilela Juniorc,d, André Pinto Novoe,f,
Corresponding author
andre@ipb.pt

Corresponding author.
, Klebson da Silva Almeidaa,d
a Universidade da Amazônia, Belém, Pará, Brazil
b Faculdade Conhecimento e Ciência, Belém, Pará, Brazil
c Universidade Metodista de Piracicaba, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil
d Núcleo de Pesquisas em Biomecânica Ocupacional e Qualidade de Vida, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil
e Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, Bragança, Portugal
f CINTESIS: NursID, Porto, Portugal
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Abstract
Background

Physical exercise has contributed significantly to the quality of life of the population. Therefore, countless specialists have established relationships between t people who perform physical exercise and success in the treatment of diseases, such as Parkinson’s disease in older adults.

Objective

The aim of this research is to analyse the influence of resistance training in the correlation of balance and postural control in people with Parkinson’s disease.

Method

A systematic review was conducted according to the recommendations of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews And Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), in consultation with the PubMed, Scielo, BVS (Lilacs), ScienceDirect and Cochrane databases, based on the influence of resistance training on postural balance and control in older adults with Parkinson’s disease, highlighting as the main assessment tool the Movement Disorders Society — Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale.

Results

After searching the selected databases and considering the inclusion and exclusion criteria of this study, 10 studies were selected to compose this review and a total of 556 participants were pooled. It was observed that most of the interventions (60%) had a duration of approximately 30−45 min over eight to twelve weeks, the most used measuring instruments were the BESTest (Balance Evaluation System Test), FOG-Q (Freezing of Gait Questionnaire) and the MDS-UPDRS (Movement Disorders Society-Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale).

Conclusion

Physical exercise plays a fundamental role in the intervention and prevention of Parkinson’s disease symptoms with regard to balance, strength, and quality of life.

Keywords:
Resistance training
Exercise
Postural balance
Parkinson disease
Resumen
Introducción

La práctica de ejercicio físico ha contribuido significativamente a la calidad de vida de la población, por ello, innumerables especialistas han establecido relaciones entre los practicantes de ejercicio físico y el éxito en el tratamiento de enfermedades, como es el caso de la enfermedad de Parkinson en el anciano.

Objetivo

El objetivo de esta investigación es analizar la influencia de la práctica del entrenamiento de resistencia en la correlación del equilibrio y el control postural en personas con párkinson.

Método

Revisión sistemática de acuerdo con las recomendaciones de los artículos Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews And Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), en consulta con las bases de datos PubMed, Scielo, BVS (Lilacs), ScienceDirect y Cochrane, basados en la influencia del entrenamiento de resistencia en el equilibrio y el control postural en ancianos con párkinson, destacando la principal herramienta de evaluación del Movimiento Sociedad de Trastornos, escala unificada de calificación de la enfermedad de Parkinson.

Resultados

Después de realizar búsquedas en las bases de datos seleccionadas y considerar los criterios de inclusión y exclusión de este estudio, se seleccionaron 10 estudios para componer esta revisión y se acumularon un total de 556 participantes. Se observó que la mayoría de las intervenciones (60%) tuvieron una duración de aproximadamente 30–45 min durante 8 a 12 semanas, los instrumentos de medición más utilizados fueron las puntuaciones Balance Evaluation System Test (BESTest), Freezing of Gait Questionnaire (FOG-Q) y Movement Disorders Society-Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS).

Conclusión

El ejercicio físico desempeña un papel fundamental en la intervención y prevención de los síntomas de la enfermedad de Parkinson en lo que respecta al equilibrio, la fuerza y la calidad de vida.

Palabras clave:
Entrenamiento de resistencia
Ejercicio físico
Equilibrio postural
Enfermedad de Parkinson

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