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Vol. 155. Issue 9.
Pages 388-391 (November 2020)
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Vol. 155. Issue 9.
Pages 388-391 (November 2020)
Brief report
DOI: 10.1016/j.medcle.2020.01.012
Prevalence of late diagnosis of HIV infection
Prevalencia de diagnóstico tardío en infección por VIH
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Magda Muelas Fernandeza,
Corresponding author
magdamu80@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Jhon Fredy Rojas Lievanoa,b, Rafel Perez Vidala, Antonia Flor Pereza, Alfons Tapiz Reulaa, Josep Mallolas Masferrerb
a Departamento Medicina Interna, Fundació Althaia, Manresa, Barcelona, Spain
b Servicio de Infecciones, Unidad de VIH-SIDA, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Received 20 October 2019. Accepted 23 January 2020
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Tables (3)
Table 1. Indications for performing HIV serology.
Table 2. Clinical indicators and risk factors of patients who had contact with a health centre prior to HIV diagnosis (53 patients).
Table 3. Prevalence of late diagnosis of HIV infection N = 74.
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Abstract
Background

Prevalence of late diagnosis (LD) and identifying missed opportunities.

Methods

Retrospective observational study of new HIV diagnoses between 2013 and 2018 in our referral area. Sociodemographic and clinical-analytical variables were analysed at the time of diagnosis. The patient’s clinical history in the last 5 years before the HIV diagnoses was reviewed to identify missed opportunities for early diagnosis.

Results

Seventy-four patients were included. The prevalence of LD was 44.6%, and 23% as an advanced disease. A tendency for LD was observed in patients older than 40 years, especially among Spaniards. Being tested 11 for HIV protected against LD. All patients who had previous contact with the health system had clinical indicators or risk factors associated with HIV, but only 50% had ever been tested in their lifetime of HIV.

Conclusions

In spite of multiple contacts with our health system, almost half of the new cases of HIV infection are diagnosticated late. Different strategies should be implemented to improve the identification of the risk factors and clinical indicators of possible HIV infection.

Keywords:
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
Late diagnosis
Risk factors
Early detection
Resumen
Objetivo

Prevalencia de diagnóstico tardío (DT) e identificar oportunidades perdidas.

Métodos

Estudio observacional retrospectivo de nuevos diagnósticos de VIH entre el 2013 y el 2018 en nuestra área de referencia. Se analizan variables sociodemográficas y clínico-analíticas en el momento del diagnóstico. Se revisa la atención sanitaria prestada en los 5 años previos para identificar oportunidades perdidas de diagnóstico precoz.

Resultados

Setenta y cuatro pacientes. Edad media 35,3 años, 83,8% hombres. Prevalencia de DT del 44,6% y de enfermedad avanzada del 23,0%. Tendencia aumentada de DT en los pacientes mayores de 40 años, en especial entre los españoles. Ser testado de VIH protege de presentar un DT. Todos los pacientes con contacto previo con el sistema sanitario presentaban indicadores o factores de riesgo asociados al VIH, pero tan solo el 50% había sido testado del VIH.

Conclusiones

A pesar del contacto repetido de nuestros pacientes con el sistema sanitario, casi la mitad de nuevos diagnósticos se realizan de forma tardía. Es importante implementar estrategias que permitan identificar mejor a aquellos pacientes con factores de riesgo o indicadores clínicos para una detección más precoz del VIH.

Palabras clave:
Virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH)
Diagnóstico tardío
Factores de riesgo
Detección precoz

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