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Inicio Medicina Clínica (English Edition) Musculoskeletal injuries secondary to exercise during confinement by the pandemi...
Journal Information
Vol. 155. Issue 5.
Pages 221-222 (September 2020)
Vol. 155. Issue 5.
Pages 221-222 (September 2020)
Scientific letter
DOI: 10.1016/j.medcle.2020.05.013
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Musculoskeletal injuries secondary to exercise during confinement by the pandemic COVID-19
Lesiones musculoesqueléticas secundarias al ejercicio durante el confinamiento por la pandemia COVID-19
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Juan José Lopez Martineza, Juan M. Rodríguez-Roizb,c,
Corresponding author
jmleon42@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, César Salcedo Cánovasa
a Unidad de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología, Hospital Clínico Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, El Palmar, Murcia, Spain
b Mutua Universal Barcelona, Clinica Delfos, Barcelona, Spain
c Clínica Sagrada Familia, Barcelona, Spain
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Tables (1)
Table 1. Eleven questions from a survey conducted via Twitter® with percentage of responses.
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To the Editor

Since the start of the coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak in late 2019 in Wuhan, China,1 the pandemic has already affected more than 200 countries and millions of people worldwide.2 The main world governments have decreed mandatory lockdowns and social distancing, increasing sports activity at home, which is often done incorrectly and leads to injuries.3

Taking advantage of the current massive use of social networks, we carried out a survey in one of them (Twitter®) seeking to find out the characteristics of the musculoskeletal injuries that are currently occurring during lockdown.

The main author through his Twitter account® @drlopezmartinez with more than 10,200 followers, carried out a free access survey from 14th to 21st of April 2020. A survey of 11 multiple-choice close-ended questions, aimed at obtaining information on musculoskeletal injuries in the current lockdown (Table 1) was completed by 1902 people.

Table 1.

Eleven questions from a survey conducted via Twitter® with percentage of responses.

Survey question  Percentage of responses 
Age
<30 years  39 
30–45 years  38 
45–60 years  15 
>60 years 
Sex
Male  54 
Female  46 
Did you practice sports before lockdown?
<2 times a week  39 
2–4 times per week  34 
>4 times a week  27 
Have you been injured during lockdown?
Yes  12 
No  88 
Have you done more exercise during lockdown than usual?
Yes  35 
No  65 
How did you do the exercise?
On my own  61 
Youtube®  22 
Instagram®/Facebook® 
Mobile app  10 
What type of exercise?
Walk  11 
Weight-bearing  30 
Intensity  45 
Yoga/Pilates  14 
What type of injury have you had?
Knee  25 
Tendinous  16 
Muscular  50 
Sprain 
What treatment have you had?
Rest  73 
Physiotherapy  21 
Doctor 
Emergency Dpt. 
Have you required surgery for that injury?
Yes 
No  95 
Will your way of doing exercise change once lockdown is over?
More, at home  11 
More, generally  33 
No  56 

Of the total of 1902 people surveyed, the vast majority were under 45 years of age (77%).

Twelve percent of the respondents had a musculoskeletal injury during lockdown (228 patients), with 35% doing more sports during lockdown than usual.

Sixty-one percent exercised on their own, the rest (39%) report having used apps or social networks to guide their physical activity, being YouTube® (22%) the most used.

The most popular type of exercise was intensity-related (45%), consisting of high-intensity exercises and repetitions in a short time interval (CrossFit®Hiit® and Tabata®), followed by weight-bearing exercises (30%), and finally Yoga/Pilates (14%) and walking (11%).

Regarding injuries, 50% were muscle injuries, 25% knee injuries, 16% tendinopathies and 9% sprains. The most widely used treatment has been conservative treatment using rest, NSAIDs and local cold application (73% of cases), highlighting that 32 patients (5%) have required surgical treatment.

The author of the survey personally verified that many of the injuries derived from playing sports in the hallway of their homes, with repeated knee twists and related injuries (especially meniscus), which he called the “Hallway syndrome”. It should be noted that challenges have been posted on social networks related to marathons (42 km) and even 100 km races at home, with all the implications that these may have.

An overwhelming majority of respondents (61%) were physically active on their own; of those, possibly a high percentage performed activities randomly and rigorously, which would not only be ineffective, but could expose them to injury. The same risk would be taken by the rest of the respondents who use YouTube® and social networks to do exercises, which are recommended on a non-individual basis. And much worse still, many of the Influencers in these networks do not have professional qualifications to recommend physical exercise.

Most of the respondents carried out intensity (45%) and weight-bearing (30%) exercises, all this added to the above mentioned scenario results in a population vulnerable to physical injuries, in fact 12% of the respondents have already suffered from some type of lockdown-related injury, and even 5% have ended up requiring surgical treatment.

This study has limitations, it is an Internet survey, which therefore does not allow reliable statistical estimates to be made with the results. We also admit the impossibility of determining the exact injury of the patients, since many of these knee injuries (25% of injured) may require elective surgery once the lockdown has ended. We also do not know of those 5% of cases that have required surgery exactly what type it has been.

Perhaps the great strength of this study is that it deals with a subject of great current interest, and which seeks to alert the public and the authorities about not simplifying physical activity at home.

The current lockdown can increase the rate of psychic disorders, with sport being an essential prevention tool. The recommendation is to do at least 30 min of moderate intensity physical activity daily,3–5 ideally through individualized advice from specialists in the field.

Funding

The authors of the article do not have direct or indirect funding for this study.

References
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N. Zhu, D. Zhang, W. Wang, X. Li, B. Yang, J. Song, et al.
China novel coronavirus investigating and research team. A novel coronavirus from patients with pneumonia in China, 2019.
N Engl J Med, 382 (2020), pp. 727-733
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Z. Chang Liang, W. Wang, D. Murphy, J.H. Po Hui.
Novel coronavirus and orthopaedic surgery: early experiences from Singapore.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 102 (2020), pp. 745-749
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Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): the need to maintain regular physical activity while taking precautions.
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Sedentary behavior: emerging evidence for a new health risk.
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J Sport Health Sci, 8 (2019), pp. 422-441

Please cite this article as: Lopez Martinez JJ, Rodríguez-Roiz JM, Salcedo Cánovas C. Lesiones musculoesqueléticas secundarias al ejercicio durante el confinamiento por la pandemia COVID-19. Med Clin (Barc). 2020;155:221–222.

Copyright © 2020. Elsevier España, S.L.U.. All rights reserved
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