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Inicio GE - Portuguese Journal of Gastroenterology Obstructive Jaundice Due to Foreign Body in the Bile Duct: An Unusual Finding
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Vol. 23. Issue 4.
Pages 228-230 (July - August 2016)
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Vol. 23. Issue 4.
Pages 228-230 (July - August 2016)
Endoscopic Snapshot
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpge.2015.12.001
Open Access
Obstructive Jaundice Due to Foreign Body in the Bile Duct: An Unusual Finding
Icterícia Obstrutiva Devido a Corpo Estranho na Via Biliar: Um Achado Incomum
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Sílvia Giestas
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silviagiestas@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Sofia Mendes, Dário Gomes, Carlos Sofia
Gastroenterology Department, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
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1Introduction

The obstruction of the common bile duct (CBD) by foreign body, followed by lithogenesis at that level, is uncommon and has been rarely referred in the literature. Sporadic reports have been published due to parasites, fish bones, fragments of T tubes or other rubber objects, shrapnel, metal clips, migrated stents, surgical gauze and non-absorbable suture material, which serve as a nucleus for formation of stones or molds in the bile duct.1–5

The previous reported cases with impacted surgical gauze in CBD had classical presentation of obstructive jaundice with radiological inconclusive investigations mimicking a common bile duct stone or malignant disease of the CBD.2–4

Endoscopic and surgical extraction of these bodies is mandatory, in order to avoid the complications of obstructive jaundice especially cholangitis and biliary sepsis.4,5

2Case description

A 69 year-old man, with a medical history of liver transplant in 2002 from liver cirrhosis due to hepatitis C, underwent liver retransplantation in 2014 by acquired familial amyloid polyneuropathy. Three months after the surgery the patient had progressive deterioration of the analytical hepatic enzymes with cholestasis (gamma glutamyl transpeptidase 1147U/L (<55); alkaline phosphatase 926U/L (40–150); total bilirubin 2.3mg/dL (0.3–1.2); direct bilirubin 1.7mg/dL (0.1–0.5); aspartate aminotransferase 58U/L (<35); alanine aminotransferase 56U/L (<45)), without fever, abdominal pain or increased inflammatory parameters. Ultrasonography of the abdomen showed moderate dilatation of the main bile duct (12mm) and could not define the cause of obstruction. Computed tomography was performed and revealed dilatation of the CBD (13mm) with a dense heterogeneous material inside in probable relationship to choledocholitiasis (Fig. 1). Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography showed an intracoledocal filling defect of 30mm (Fig. 2A). After sphincterotomy and with help of Dormia basket it was possible to extract an elongate 3cm in length biliary mold (Fig. 2B) whose macroscopic analysis showed the presence of compress fragments (Fig. 3). At discharge and several weeks later the repeated laboratory analysis revealed normalized liver function tests.

Figure 1.

Computed tomography of the patient showing dilatation of CBD with a dense heterogeneous material suggestive of a calculus.

(0.15MB).
Figure 2.

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography showed a native CBD dilatation with an intracoledocal filling defect of 30mm (A). After sphincterotomy and with help of Dormia basket it was possible to extract several small stones and an elongate biliary mold (B).

(0.11MB).
Figure 3.

Gross examination of the retrieved forget body revealed surgical gauze with multiple biliary stones adherent to it, measuring slightly more than 3cm.

(0.06MB).

The authors emphasize that bile duct obstruction by a foreign body is possible and can cause difficulties in diagnosis. It is therefore important to remember, when facing images suggesting giant stones, that the CBD may be obstructed by foreign body, especially in those patients who have previously undergone surgery.

Ethical disclosuresConfidentiality of data

The authors declare that they have followed the protocols of their work center on the publication of patient data

Right to privacy and informed consent

The authors declare that no patient data appear in this article.

Protection of human and animal subjects

The authors declare that the procedures followed were in accordance with the regulations of the relevant clinical research ethics committee and with those of the Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki).

Conflicts of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

References
[1]
L. Cipoletta, M.A. Bianco, G. Rotondano, A. Prisco, M. Catalano, A. Gatto, et al.
Endoscopic retrieval of a surgical gauze from the common bile duct.
Ital J Gastroenterol Hepatol., 29 (1997), pp. 58-61
[2]
B. Cimsit, M. Keskin, I. Ozden, A. Alper.
Obstructive jaundice due to a textiloma mimicking a common bile duct stone.
J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg., 13 (2006), pp. 172-173
[3]
V. Bhandari, M. Singh, H.G. Vyas, N. Sharma, R. Chejara.
Diagnostic dilemma in an unusual case of common bile duct obstruction.
Gut Liver, 5 (2011), pp. 245-247
[4]
E. Uzcátegui-Paz, G. Gonzalez-Paredes.
Granuloma a cuerpo extraño, simulando una enfermedad maligna del tracto biliar.
Gastroenterol Hepatol., 32 (2009), pp. 32-35
[5]
M. Martos, A. Cosme, L. Bujanda, F. Múgica, L. Martín, A. Iribarren.
Obstructive jaundice for biliary mold due to foreign body.
Rev Esp Enferm Dig., 103 (2011), pp. 36-37
Copyright © 2015. Sociedade Portuguesa de Gastrenterologia
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