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Vol. 23. Issue 4.
Pages 226-227 (July - August 2016)
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Vol. 23. Issue 4.
Pages 226-227 (July - August 2016)
Images in Gastroenterology and Hepatology
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpge.2015.11.003
Open Access
Endoscopic View of Embolization Coil in a Duodenal Ulcer
Achado Endoscópico de Coil de Embolização em Úlcera Duodenal
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Rita Vale Rodriguesa,
Corresponding author
rita.vale.rodrigues@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Joana Saioteb, Tiago Bilhimc
a Gastroenterology Department, Instituto Português de Oncologia de Lisboa Francisco Gentil, Lisbon, Portugal
b Gastroenterology Department, Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Central, Lisbon, Portugal
c Radiology Department, Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Central, Lisbon, Portugal
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A 81-year-old woman with previous history of ulcerative colitis under corticotherapy was admitted to the emergency room with a two-day history of melena with orthostatic hypotension and severe anemia (hemoglobin level of 5.2g/dL). Emergency upper endoscopy was performed and a large deep ulcer with a pulsatile visible vessel was seen along the posterior aspect of the duodenal bulb (Fig. 1). Hemostatic therapy with injection of 6mL of epinephrine (100μg/mL) was carried out. Due to its large size, posterior location, and associated risk of recurrent bleeding in this high-risk patient, no further endoscopic therapeutic maneuvers were performed. The patient underwent mesenteric angiography with selective embolization of the superior pancreaticoduodenal artery. The anterior branch had a pseudoaneurism that was selectively embolized with 3–5mm platinum coils (Figs. 2 and 3). The patient underwent endoscopy 72h later which showed a coil protruding into the lumen from the visible vessel at the ulcer site (Fig. 4). There was no active bleeding or oozing. No bleeding event was detected within 30 days after the performed treatment.

Figure 1.

Endoscopic view of a large deep ulcer with a pulsatile visible vessel along the posterior aspect of the duodenal bulb.

(0.11MB).
Figure 2.

Selective angiography of the gastroduodenal artery before coil embolization.

(0.2MB).
Figure 3.

Selective angiography of celiac branch showing coils in the gastroduodenal artery resulting in hemostasis.

(0.22MB).
Figure 4.

Endoscopic view of the ulcer with a coil located in the center of the previously bleeding vessel.

(0.1MB).

The embolization of the gastroduodenal artery is a safe and effective technique in bleeding duodenal ulcer in patients with high surgical risk. The endoscopic view of arterial embolization coils is a rare but known complication.1–5 Due to the small number of described cases, the prognostic value of this finding with regard to rebleeding incidence remains unclear.

Ethical disclosuresProtection of human and animal subjects

The authors declare that no experiments were performed on humans or animals for this study.

Confidentiality of data

The authors declare that no patient data appear in this article.

Right to privacy and informed consent

The authors declare that no patient data appear in this article.

Conflicts of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

References
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F.P. Vleggaar, D.R. Rutgers.
Endovascular coil visible in a visible vessel.
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[2]
G. Singh, M. Denyer, J.V. Patel.
Endoscopic visualization of embolization coil in a duodenal ulcer.
Gastrointest Endosc, 67 (2008), pp. 351-352
[3]
R. Vardar, O. Ozütemiz, M. Parildar.
Endoscopic view of intravascular platinum coil after embolization of bleeding duodenal ulcer: report of two cases.
Endoscopy, 41 (2009), pp. E125-E126
[4]
N. Mohandas, M. Swaminathan, V. Vegiraju, K.V. Murthy, A. Kulkarni, V. Leelakrishnan, et al.
Endovascular coil migration and upper gastrointestinal bleed: a causal or casual relationship?.
Endoscopy, 47 (2015), pp. E389-E390
[5]
M.M. Jaurigue, M. Snyder, M. Cannon.
Recurrent upper GI bleeding secondary to coil migration in a patient with known NSAID-induced peptic ulcer disease.
Gastrointest Endosc, 79 (2014), pp. 1004
Copyright © 2015. Sociedade Portuguesa de Gastrenterologia
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