Buscar en
Gastroenterología y Hepatología (English Edition)
Toda la web
Inicio Gastroenterología y Hepatología (English Edition) Giant choledochal cyst. An unusual cause of obstructive jaundice in an adult
Journal Information
Vol. 42. Issue 9.
Pages 562-563 (November 2019)
Vol. 42. Issue 9.
Pages 562-563 (November 2019)
Image of the month
Full text access
Giant choledochal cyst. An unusual cause of obstructive jaundice in an adult
Quiste de colédoco gigante. Una causa inusual de ictericia obstructiva en el adulto
Visits
...
Iván Carmelo Soto-Darias
Corresponding author
ivansd89@hotmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Ángel García-Romera, Desiré Rodríguez-Castellano, Alberto Bravo-Felipe, Antonio Alarcó-Hernández
Servicio de Cirugía General y del Aparato Digestivo, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, San Cristóbal de la Laguna, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain
Article information
Full Text
Bibliography
Download PDF
Statistics
Figures (3)
Show moreShow less
Full Text

We present the case of a 20-year-old woman, with no prior history, who attended the Emergency Department due to a two-month history of abdominal pain in the right hypochondrium, which intensified in the 48 h prior, together with jaundice of the skin and mucous membranes. Blood tests were requested, which revealed total bilirubin of 20 mg/dl, as well as a CT scan that showed a bile duct tumour measuring 9.4 × 7 × 5 cm (Fig. 1). This was confirmed by bile duct MRI (Fig. 2), which revealed a type IVA choledochal cyst as per the Todani classification, with focal dilations of the intrahepatic bile duct but no involvement of the pancreatic-duodenal junction. Preoperative drainage of the bile duct was performed by transparietal transhepatic cholangiography to reduce bilirubin levels and the risk of associated cholangitis. Subsequently, the cyst was resected (Fig. 3) by Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy. The histological study confirmed the presence of a choledochal cyst with fibrosis and signs of chronic inflammation with polynuclear neutrophilic and eosinophilic infiltrate, as well as intestinal metaplasia, with no signs of malignancy.

Figure 1.

CT image of the cyst.

(0.09MB).
Figure 2.

Relationship of the choledochal cyst with the bile duct (upper border: both hepatic ducts with intrahepatic cystic dilations; lower border: bile duct).

(0.05MB).
Figure 3.

Intraoperative image of the resection of the choledochal cyst.

(0.12MB).

Choledochal cysts are a congenital defect of the bile duct first described by Vater in 1723.1 In 80% of cases, they occur in nursing infants and small children, predominantly girls,2,3 and are rare in adults. Their incidence in Western countries ranges from one in 13,000–15,000 live births.1 Associated complications include gallstones, bile duct stenosis, cholangitis, cholangiocarcinoma, pancreatitis and biliary cirrhosis secondary to spontaneous cyst rupture. The most serious complication is the malignant degeneration of the cyst, which occurs in up to 30% of adults,4 and is most common in the extrahepatic bile duct.1,4 Given the risk of malignancy, the treatment of choice is surgical resection and reconstruction of the bile duct, either by open or laparoscopic surgery.

To date, it has yet to be presented at any congress.

Conflict of interests

There are no conflicts of interest.

References
[1]
S. Giha, Y. Redondo.
Quiste de colédoco?: diagnóstico y manejo intraoperatorio.
Pediatr, 9 (2016), pp. 64-67
[2]
T. Todani, Y. Watanabe, A. Toki, Y. Morotomi.
Classification of congenital biliary cystic disease: special reference to type Ic and IVA cysts with primary ductal stricture.
J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci, (2003), pp. 340-344
[3]
J.C. Rodríguez-Sanjuan.
A rare benign condition: Intrahepatic giant biliary cyst in an adult.
Dig Liver Dis, 46 (2014), pp. 384-385
[4]
A. Mayorga-Garcés, H. Mayorga-Garcés.
Actualización en el diagnóstico y tratamiento de los quistes de colédoco.
RAPD Online, 41 (2018), pp. 280-284

Please cite this article as: Soto-Darias IC, García-Romera Á, Rodríguez-Castellano D, Bravo-Felipe A, Alarcó-Hernández A. Quiste de colédoco gigante. Una causa inusual de ictericia obstructiva en el adulto. Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2019;42:562–563.s

Copyright © 2019. Elsevier España, S.L.U.. All rights reserved
Article options
Tools
es en pt

¿Es usted profesional sanitario apto para prescribir o dispensar medicamentos?

Are you a health professional able to prescribe or dispense drugs?

Você é um profissional de saúde habilitado a prescrever ou dispensar medicamentos