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Vol. 30. Issue 4.
Pages 181-191 (October - December 2019)
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Vol. 30. Issue 4.
Pages 181-191 (October - December 2019)
Original article
DOI: 10.1016/j.enfie.2019.05.001
Training needs detected by nurses in an intensive care unit: a phenomenological study
Necesidades de formación detectadas por enfermeras de una unidad de cuidados intensivos: un estudio fenomenológico
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Y.G. Santana-Padillaa,
Corresponding author
yeraysantana@celp.es

Corresponding author.
, L. Santana-Cabreraa, M.D. Bernat-Adellb, T. Linares-Pérezc, J. Alemán-Gonzáleza, R.F. Acosta-Rodrígueza
a Hospital Universitario Insular de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
b Universitat Jaume I de Castellón, Castellón de la Plana, Spain
c Centro de Salud Cueva Torres, Gerencia de Atención Primaria, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. Spain
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Table 1. Socio-demographic data of the participants.
Table 2. Study questions.
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Abstract
Background

The competences of intensive care (ICU) nurses in their healthcare environment, have increased with the acquisition of new responsibilities associated with new care and devices for critical patients. Many studies suggest the need for specific training of nurses that work in these units. Based on this evidence, the European Federation of Critical Care Nurses Associations (EfCCNa), recommends unifying the training of intensive care nurses. Therefore we set ourselves the following objective: to assess the training needs detected by ICU nurses through their experience and practical knowledge.

Method

Descriptive qualitative study, with a phenomenological approach, through semi-structured interview where the four areas (clinical practice, professional, management and educational) covered by the EfCCNa were studied. Fifteen nurses from an adult polyvalent ICU were interviewed

Results

The interviewees acknowledged that the previous training was deficient for the care and support measures that they had to face. They considered that subsequent training and experience were decisive in order to carry out their work effectively. They also stated that support measures and care are topics to be developed continuously through targeted training.

Conclusion

The nurses in this research study acknowledged that training is needed to achieve the competences required in ICU, and these are affected by the type of unit and patients.

Palabras Clave:
Cuidados críticos
Educación basada en competencias
Educación en Enfermería
Enfermeras clínicas
Keywords:
Critical care
Competency-based education
Nursing Education
Nurse clinicians
Resumen
Introducción

Las competencias que abordan en su entorno laboral las enfermeras de cuidados intensivos (UCI), han aumentado con la adquisición de nuevas responsabilidades asociadas a cuidados y dispositivos a realizar al paciente crítico. Múltiples estudios avalan la necesidad de la especialización de las enfermeras que trabajan en este tipo de unidades. Apoyado en estas evidencias, la European Federation of Critical Care Nurse (EfCCNa), recomienda unificar la formación de las enfermeras de cuidados intensivos. Por tanto, nos planteamos el siguiente objetivo: valorar las necesidades formativas que detectan las enfermeras de UCI a través de sus vivencias y experiencias profesionales.

Material y método

estudio cualitativo descriptivo, con enfoque fenomenológico, a través de una entrevista semiestructurada donde se estudiaron los 4 ámbitos que la EfCCNa recoge (clínico, profesional, gestión y educativo). Se entrevistaron a 15 enfermeras de una UCI polivalente

Resultados

Los entrevistados reconocen que la formación previa era deficiente para los cuidados y medidas de soporte que tuvieron que afrontar. Consideran que la formación posterior y la experiencia fueron determinantes para poder desarrollar efectivamente su labor profesional. Además afirman que las medidas de soporte y los cuidados son temas a desarrollar continuamente mediante una formación dirigida.

Conclusión

Las enfermeras reconocen que debe existir una formación destinada a cumplir las competencias que las UCIs requieren, y que estas se ven afectadas por el tipo de unidad y el tipo de pacientes atendidos.

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