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Vol. 27. Issue 6.
Pages 346-351 (November - December 2017)
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Vol. 27. Issue 6.
Pages 346-351 (November - December 2017)
Original Article
Perceived self-efficacy, personality and bioethics before a heart rehabilitation programme in primary health care
Autoeficacia percibida, rasgos de personalidad y biotipos previos a programa de rehabilitación cardíaca en atención primaria de salud
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Antonio J. Madueño Caroa,
Corresponding author
madu64@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Manuel Luis Mellado Fernándezb, Juana Delgado Pachecoc, Marta Muñoz Ayllond, Manuel Pardos Lafargad, Laura Saez Garcíad
a Medicina de familia, Centro de Salud La Laguna, Cádiz, Spain
b Medicina de familia, Centro de Salud Casines, Puerto Real, Cádiz, Spain
c Hospital Universitario Puerta del Mar, Cádiz, Spain
d Medicina Interna, Centro de Salud La Laguna, Cádiz, Spain
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Table 1. Pearson correlations between variables for the perceived self-efficacy.
Abstract
Objectives

There is a clear evidence of the benefit of cardiac rehabilitation after a cardiovascular event on patients’ mood and perceived self-efficacy in terms of their own health care. Our aim is to define the correlation between mood-related variables, biotype and self-efficacy in this population.

Design

Descriptive study.

Background, participants

The entire population of patients discharged from the cardiac rehabilitation unit over 12 months.

Main measurements

Universal anthropometric and psychometric (general self-efficacy scale, Salamanca personality traits questionnaire, Hamilton anxiety scale and Beck depression inventory) variables are determined. Descriptive statistics and association between variables (correlation) is determined.

Results

This study involved 88 patients, response rate 92%. The average age was 53 years old, 80.23% were males. Descriptive statistics and Pearson correlations for the main dependent variable and associated variables is performed. Significant evidence is shown, self-efficacy is negatively correlated with anxiety (r=−0.4009) and depression (r=−0.4152), as well as dependent (r=−03 175) and impulsive (r=−0.4243) personality traits. Higher levels of anxiety positively correlate with endomorph biotype (r=0.3304), and depression-associated symptoms (r=0.2563). Age and gender do not correlate with self-perceived efficacy.

Conclusions

Self-efficacy in the study population is correlated with personality traits, mood and body biotype.

Keywords:
Cardiac rehabilitation
Primary care
Self-efficacy
Nursing
Resumen
Objetivos

Existe evidencia del beneficio de la rehabilitación cardíaca tras evento cardiovascular sobre el estado de ánimo y la autoeficacia percibida por el paciente para con el cuidado de su salud. Se quiere conocer la correlación entre variables relacionadas con el estado anímico, biotipo y autoeficacia de esta población.

Diseño

Estudio descriptivo.

Emplazamiento, participantes

Sobre toda la población de pacientes dados de alta en unidad de rehabilitación cardíaca hospitalaria a lo largo de 12 meses.

Mediciones principales

Se determinan variables universales, psicométricas (escala general de autoeficacia, cuestionario de personalidad Salamanca, Hamilton ansiedad e índice de depresión de Beck) y antropométricas. Se realiza estadística descriptiva y correlaciones de Pearson entre la variable dependiente principal y variables asociadas.

Resultados

Se incluyó a 88 pacientes, tasa de respuesta 92%. La edad media fue 53 años, con el 80,23% varones. De forma significativa, la autoeficacia correlacionó negativamente con la ansiedad (r=-0,4009) y la depresión (r=-0,4152), así como con el rasgo dependiente de la personalidad (r=-03175) e impulsivo (r=-0,4243). El biotipo endomorfo correlaciona de forma positiva con niveles más altos de ansiedad (r=0,3304) y síntomas relacionados con depresión (r=0,2563). No hay diferencias según edad y sexo con la autoeficacia percibida.

Conclusiones

Existe correlación entre rasgos de personalidad, estado anímico y biotipo corporal con la autoeficacia percibida en la población a estudio.

Palabras clave:
Rehabilitación cardíaca
Atención primaria
Autoeficacia
Enfermería

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