Buscar en
Enfermería Clínica (English Edition)
Toda la web
Inicio Enfermería Clínica (English Edition) Early interruption of breastfeeding. A qualitative study
Journal Information
Vol. 29. Issue 4.
Pages 207-215 (July - August 2019)
Download PDF
More article options
Vol. 29. Issue 4.
Pages 207-215 (July - August 2019)
Original Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.enfcle.2018.11.001
Early interruption of breastfeeding. A qualitative study
Interrupción temprana de la lactancia materna. Un estudio cualitativo
Laura Cortés-Rúaa, Gabriel J. Díaz-Grávalosa,b,
Corresponding author

Corresponding author.
a Escuela Universitaria de Enfermería de Ourense, Universidad de Vigo, Ourense, Spain
b Centro de Salud Cea, SERGAS, Cea, Ourense, Spain
Article information
Full Text
Download PDF
Figures (1)
Tables (1)
Table 1. Sociodemographic characteristics of the participants.

The aim of this study was to discover the personal experience and feelings of primiparous women who had to abandon breastfeeding (BF) before the expected time, as well as the causes of abandonment and the role of health professionals.


A qualitative study through semi-structured interview was carried out. A purposive sampling by key informants was conducted, until saturation of the information was reached. Qualitative content analysis was carried out to generate codes and assign categories.


We interviewed 15 women aged 33.1 (SD 5.4) years. Ambivalent feelings were found, while BF was considered a satisfying experience, it was also sacrificial and painful. They refer to a lack of knowledge, and insecurity about nourishing their infant and physical pain seem to be the most important reasons for giving up. There is also a duality of feelings between the peace of mind afforded by artificial feeding, knowing that their child is well nourished, and the feeling of guilt for not having maintained BF.

They believe that professionals do not adequately perform their work to promote BF, referring to numerous occasions when health professionals themselves have performed practices contrary to its establishment and maintenance.


In the mothers’ account, emotional training and emotional support needs are insufficiently covered. Nursing professionals involved in the care of these women should systematically explore these needs.

Breast feeding
Maternal behaviour
Choice behaviour
Health knowledge, attitudes, practice

Conocer la experiencia personal y sentimientos de las mujeres primíparas que se vieron obligadas a abandonar la lactancia materna (LM) antes del tiempo previsto inicialmente por cada mujer, así como las causas del abandono y el papel de los profesionales sanitarios.


Estudio cualitativo fenomenológico mediante entrevista semiestructurada. Se realizó un muestreo opinático mediante informadores clave, hasta alcanzar la saturación de la información. Se realizó análisis de contenido cualitativo para generar códigos y asignar categorías.


Se entrevistaron 15 mujeres de 33,1 (DE 5,4) años. Se constató ambivalencia de sentimientos, considerando que la LM es una experiencia satisfactoria a la par que sacrificada y dolorosa. Las mujeres referían escasez de conocimientos. La inseguridad sobre la alimentación y el dolor físico fueron las causas más importantes para el abandono. Se evidenció además una dualidad de sentimientos entre la tranquilidad que supone la alimentación artificial, al saber que el niño está bien alimentado, y la sensación de culpabilidad por no haber mantenido la LM.

Consideraron que los profesionales no realizan adecuadamente su labor de promoción de la LM, refiriendo numerosas ocasiones en las que los propios profesionales sanitarios efectuaron prácticas contrarias a su instauración y mantenimiento.


En el relato de las madres se constatan necesidades formativas y de soporte emocional insuficientemente cubiertas. Las enfermeras implicadas en la atención de estas mujeres deberían explorar sistemáticamente dichas necesidades.

Palabras clave:
Lactancia materna
Conducta materna
Conducta de elección
Conocimientos, actitudes y práctica en salud


These are the options to access the full texts of the publication Enfermería Clínica (English Edition)

If you already have your login data, please click here .

If you have forgotten your password you can you can recover it by clicking here and selecting the option “I have forgotten my password”
Subscribe to

Enfermería Clínica (English Edition)

Purchase article

Purchasing article the PDF version will be downloaded

Price 19.34 €

Purchase now
Phone for subscriptions and reporting of errors
From Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. (GMT + 1) except for the months of July and August which will be from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m.
Calls from Spain
932 415 960
Calls from outside Spain
+34 932 415 960
Article options
es en pt

¿Es usted profesional sanitario apto para prescribir o dispensar medicamentos?

Are you a health professional able to prescribe or dispense drugs?

Você é um profissional de saúde habilitado a prescrever ou dispensar medicamentos