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Vol. 29. Issue 6.
Pages 336-343 (November - December 2019)
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Vol. 29. Issue 6.
Pages 336-343 (November - December 2019)
Original Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.enfcle.2018.04.002
Community health training for Family and Community Health Nursing residents in a Multiprofessional Teaching Unit. Three years of experience
Desarrollo de la competencia de atención comunitaria para residentes de Enfermería Familiar y Comunitaria en una Unidad Docente Multiprofesional provincial. Tres años de experiencia
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Maravillas Torrecilla-Abril
Corresponding author
udalicante@gva.es

Corresponding author.
, Ana Patricia Crespo-Mateos, Esther Cartagena-Martínez, Milagros Oyarzabal-Arocena, Clara Isabel Pérez-Ortiz
Unidad Docente Multiprofesional de Atención Familiar y Comunitaria de Alicante, Departamento de Salud de Alicante-Hospital General, ISABIAL-FISABIO, Conselleria de Sanitat Universal i Salut Pública, Generalitat Valenciana, Alicante, Spain
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Figures (1)
Tables (4)
Table 1. Level of interest (0–3) in transversal training areas (n=22).
Table 2. Group HCE programmes designed by the residents on the basis of needs in health promotion matters.
Table 3. Overall assessment of the training modules in community care (0–5).
Table 4. Overall evaluation of the training activities undertaken by the HC residents (0–3).
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Abstract
Objective

To determine the interest of nursing residents in the training areas of Family and Community Nursing (EFyC) at the beginning of their training, to evaluate community activities in health centres and to determine satisfaction with the training received and activities carried out.

Method

We present the experience of training in the public and community health competencies of EFyC Nursing from 2014 to 2017 in a multiprofessional teaching unit. The training was divided into 3theoretical modules. The training was completed with 2activities: the design and development of a health education programme and an asset mapping in the basic health area. A questionnaire was completed on satisfaction with the course and the activities carried out.

Result

During this period, 27 residents received training.

As part of the training process, 26 health education programmes and 17 asset mappings were conducted in accredited health centres. The areas of intervention addressed were: lifestyles, life transitions and health problems.

The overall satisfaction with the course was 4.5±.1 out of 5.

Conclusions

The results show a high degree of interest in this area, as well as high evaluation of the activities carried out and the training received.

Training in community health and health education during the period of residence is essential to include these competencies in the professional role. The dedication and involvement of the multiprofessional teaching units is essential in the development of these competences, training the residents through the integration of a biopsychosocial approach, community health and teamwork in primary care.

Keywords:
Community health services
Community health nursing
Health education
Primary health care
Resumen
Objetivo

Conocer el grado el interés de los residentes en áreas formativas transversales de Enfermería Familiar y Comunitaria (EFyC) al inicio de su formación. Valorar el desarrollo de actividades comunitarias en los centros de salud y determinar el grado de satisfacción de los residentes con la formación recibida y actividades realizadas.

Método

Se presenta una experiencia sobre metodología docente en salud pública y comunitaria en los residentes de EFyC desde el 2014 hasta el 2017. La formación se dividió en 3módulos formativos de 21h y se completó con 2actividades de campo: un programa de Educación para la Salud (EpS) y un mapeo de activos en la zona básica de salud (ZBS). Se cumplimentó un cuestionario de satisfacción del curso y de las actividades realizadas.

Resultado

Durante este período se formaron 27 residentes. El 86,9% consideró la formación en atención comunitaria como muy necesaria.

Se realizaron 26 programas de EpS y 17 mapeos de activos de sus ZBS.

Con respecto a la satisfacción de la formación, se obtuvo una media global de 4,5 ± 0,1 sobre 5.

Conclusiones

Los resultados evidencian un alto grado de interés en atención comunitaria, así como una valoración muy alta sobre las actividades realizadas y la formación recibida.

La formación en salud comunitaria durante el período de residencia es un elemento esencial para integrar estas competencias en el rol profesional. Resulta imprescindible la dedicación por parte de las Unidades Docentes en el impulso en esta competencia, capacitando a los residentes en la integración del abordaje biopsicosocial, la orientación comunitaria y el trabajo en equipo en Atención Primaria.

Palabras clave:
Servicios de salud comunitaria
Enfermería en salud comunitaria
Educación para la salud
Atención primaria de salud

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